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  • Agostinho, Tania Daniela
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Bougmza, Mariam
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Stigma mot Hiv-smittade patienter inom vården: En allmän litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The study is about Hiv-infected patients experiences in the Swedish health care system. Sweden is the first country to reach UNAIDS goal named 90-90-90 but stigma against Hiv-infected still occurs in the health care. Aim: The aim was to illustrate stigma against Hivinfected patients in the health care. Method: The study contains six qualitative and four quantitative articles made between 2012-2018. The results from the articles were compiled. Results: Discrimination, prejudice and nurses on other sections’ than infection that showed concerns in front of the patient were found in the results. Immigrants and women that were born outside Sweden were exposed the most. Conclusion: The Swedish health care have evolved through the years but stigma against Hiv-infected patients still appears.

  • Törnefjord Weinreich, Åsa
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Gustafsson, Camilla
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Påverkas omvårdnaden när patienten har ett pågående substansberoende?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Illicit drugs have occurred in different forms for as long as mankind can remember. It was not until the 1800s that the concept of drug abuse was identified. Statistics have illustrated that substance abuse problems are relatively common in the Swedish population which leads to more patients with this type of problem who is in need of institutional care. Nurses’ competence and knowledge must be developed in line with the rest of society to be able to satisfy the need for care which is constantly changing. The ethical aspects within the profession as well as in the relationships between nurse and patient require continuous guidance.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to illustrate eventual inadequacies in the meeting and knowledge regarding patients with a substance abuse problem within the institutional somatic care.

    Method: A literature review with a systematic approach resulted in eleven articles, of which the majority were of a qualitative design.

    Results: Four themes were identified: Approach and attitude, Prejudice, Discovering patients with substance abuse problems and More knowledge.

    Conclusion: The meeting between a patient with a substance abuse problem and a licensed nurse posed varying forms of difficulty. The lack of knowledge was great and continuous guidance is necessary.

    Clinical implications: The hope is that nurses in clinical practice will reflect on the meeting with a patient with a substance abuse problem and that they will seek the knowledge that is necessary in caring for patients with a substance abuse problem.

  • Lindkvist, Karin
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Roynesdotter, Amanda
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Sjung av hjärtat, sjung!: Musikinterventioners effekter på individer med cancersjukdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cancer is one of the most common diagnoses to affect people all across the globe. The last years more effective treatments have lead to more people surviving or living longer with their cancer diagnosis; which implicates that an increasing number of individuals now and in the future, will be in need of more and better health-promoting interventions. WHO defines health as a state in which absence of disease does not signify good health, but a state which also includes individual physical, mental and social well-being.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to highlight the effect of musical interventions for patients with diagnosed cancer.

    Method: A literary study which consists of six quantitative studies, four qualitative studies, and three of mixed methods.

    Results: The results showed that patients diagnosed with cancer used music as a health-promoting intervention to ease pain, distress and anxiety, as well as a strategy to cope with the diagnosis. The results also showed that musical interventions could function as a way of maintaining the identity the individual had before the disease. Furthermore showed the result that some individuals were not helped by music as a health-promoting intervention. Music in some cases were associated with the diagnoses, causing the participants to feel unease and having the opposite effect to relief and support. 

    Conclusion: Musical intervention, for most individuals with diagnosed cancer, has the ability to give participants access to all different emotions and cope with the disease. Musical intervention is also a health-promoting intervention which is flexible, easily adjustable with the ability to reach many people.