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  • Tillman, Jonas
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Kristoffersson, Robin
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Experiencing Zika: A qualitative interview study of Brazilian nurses2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Zikavirus was discovered in the 1950’s in the Zikaforest in Uganda, it is a vector borne flavivirus and its main carrier is the Aedes Aegyptimosquito. In 2015 ZIKV reached Brazil and from Brazil it has spread to 26 countries in the Americas. ZIKV is most known for its ties with Microcephaly, but the ZIKV has been linked to several neurological conditions including Guillian-Barré Syndrome. Very limited treatment is currently available for the complications and prevention is the most used method to combat the infection.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe the experience of Brazilian registered nurses in regards to Zika virus and its complications.

    Method: An Empirical qualitative approach was used, and the data was retrieved through semi-structured interviews. The method used for analysing was a Qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The findings resulted in two categories: 1. The many faces of uncertainty and, 2. Spreading and attaining knowledge. In addition 10 sub-categories were identified.

    Conclusion: The suffering that was expressed was related to the uncertainty of the disease. By providing information and educating patients, the health literacy may strengthen. Increasing health literacy can empower the people and lead to sound health decisions.

  • Watts, Jennifer
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Den avsexualiserade patienten: Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans samtal om sexualitet och reproduktion med patienten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many diseases and treatments may affect one’s sexual and reproductive health and/or function [SRHF]. Nurses have responsibility raising the subject with patients by law and national guidelines. Patients’ rights include partaking of correct and enough information to make informed decisions regarding treatment. In spite this patients and nurses state the subject is not broached enough.

    Aim: The aim is to describe what affecting factors nurses’ experience in discussing SRHF with patients.

    Method: A general literature review based on six qualitative and four quantitative articles. The articles were analyzed through content analysis.

    Result: A combination of multiple factors affect nurses’ conversations about SRHF. These have been identified and categorized. “Fear of uncomfortable atmosphere” is a latent theme throughout the other categories “Education and confidence” “Someone else’s responsibility” “Attitudes towards patients’ sexuality”. “Care relationship and ward environment” and “Culture and norms”.

    Conclusion: The nurses’ desexulization of the patient is an easy way out. Ignoring SRHF will not enable nurses to relieve patients’ suffering.

    Clinical significance: These identified factors are nothing new. The discussion enlighten new aspects of the nurses’ role of authority in this. Hopefully this review may inspire change and further research.