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  • Thimgren Kauppi, Daniella
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Kim, Ekaterina
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av omvårdnad vid ovarialcancer: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ovarian cancer is the second most common female form of cancer and is considered to be the most aggressive form of gynecological cancer with the highest mortality. This is due to the difficulties in identifying the disease at an early stageWomen who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer face anxiety, feel great uncertainty for the future, fear of relapse and death. They also feel that family relationshipsand other contacts deteriorate, leading to social isolation.

    Objective: The purpose was to elucidate women's experiences of nursing in ovarian cancer.

    Method: A literature study with a qualitative approach that is based on ten qualitative articles and an article with a mixed method where the focus is on the qualitative analysis has been used to compile the result.

    Result: The women's experience of nursing in ovarian cancer resulted in three main categories: communication, support and knowledge, and seven subcategories which are: the need to create a relationship with caregivers, the need for confirmation, the need for individually adapted information, the experience in lack of follow up, the experience in lack of coordination, the experience in lack of competence and understanding of the healthcare staff as well as the need for self-care training.

    Conclusion: Byhighlighting women's experiences, nurses can create a better understanding of the nursing need that exists to address and manage it by applying patient-centered nursing.

  • Adamek, Emelie
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Jangebrink Skavmo, Cecilia
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Psykiskt välbefinnande hos kvinnor med bröstcancer: En allmän litteraturstudie med ett patient- och vårdpersonalperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer disease among women. Surgical removal of breast, breast reconstruction with implants and chemotherapy are some of the treatments the woman can undergo. Women have an emotional bond to their breasts that can cause emotional stress in correlation to breast cancer.  Aim: The aim was to describe the factors which can affect the mental well-being of women with breast cancer and describe the role of the health care personnel´s care in breast cancer. Method: A general literature study was conducted with 11 scientific articles with qualitative data, and analyzed with a content analysis. Result: The content analysis resulted in three main themes and nine sub-themes. The first theme was: Communication, a part of well-being, the second theme: The perceived mental feeling and the third theme: The effect of physical factors on the woman. Information was essential for the woman to be able to rely on the health care workers and physical activity was experienced as helpful during the illness. Conclusion: The conclusion shows that factors that can affect the mental well-being of women with breast cancer are the lack of information, knowledge of the disease and support from health care personnel. The authors believe that more research is needed on the topic of mental illness related to breast cancer in women, in the form of clearer guidelines, protocols and further studies from a patient perspective.

  • Hilli, Ronja
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Lehto, Caisa
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Gammal bakom galler: En litteraturstudie om vård av äldre personer i fängelse2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The growing number of ageing people is reflected on all sides of society. Elderly are part of the prison population, but their care needs differ from their younger fellow- interns. A rising age is associated with a higher risk of illness. The care offered in prison should be equal to that offered in society and to promote care on equal terms is a core value of the nursing profession. Aim: To examine factors that affects the elderly inmates’ possibilities to receive good healthcare in prison. Method: A general literature review with nine articles recruited via the database CINAHL. The articles were analyzed with content analysis Results: Two themes were identified: inhibitory factors and promoting factors. Factors that were found to be inhibitory for good care were the healthcare system in prison, the prison environment and perceived distrust. The promoting factors for good care were accessibility and participation. Conclusion: There are various factors affecting the possibility to good care of elderly in prison. More research is needed, especially in a Nordic context. Clinical significance: Knowledge from this study can be used to better understand and thereby improve the healthcare in prison.

  • Alexandersson, Philippa
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Berggren, Andrea
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Faktorer som kan bidra till stress i det dagliga arbetet hos sjuksköterskan: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Within the next few decades there has been seen a significant increase in the the population globally. In the context of the increased population the average life expectancy also continues to rise. This in turn puts pressure on the health care system to develop new strategies in order to be able to provide high-quality health care in conjunction with the increased patient flow. Sweden already has a large deficit in nurses and the majority of the nurses are choosing to leave the profession as a result of stress and fatigue. The need for nurses will therefore continue to increase in line with the growing and aging population.The role as a nurse always aims to work for the good of the patient. But on the basis of work related stress the risk of a good care is lacking. Purpose: The purpose with this general literature review is to highlight the factors that can cause work related stress in the daily work of a nurse. Method: The compilation of this general literature review relevant information was coded into categories which then formed the basis of the main theme of the present study. Result: The stress factors are presented under two main themes: working condition and personnel policy. Furthermore, the factors are exemplified as high workload and decreased confidence in managers. Conclusion: Adequate actions should be introduced for the sustainable development of the nursing profession in health care. Further studies should be conducted in order to investigate how the working environment can be improved for the nurse.

  • Klerevall, Anna
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Larsson, Karolina
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Att bemöta våldsutsatta kvinnor i vården: Ur ett omvårdnadsperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Globally, women make an extensive risk group for intimate partner violence due to varying health risks. Nurses have a responsibility regarding identification of intimate partner violence. Previous research indicates a lack of response from nurses towards women who experience intimate partner violence. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses' experiences when encountering women who suffer from intimate partner violence. Method: A general literature review with 12 qualitative articles was used, recruited via CINAHL. Results: Two main themes were identified: “Emotional impact: due to working situation” and “Emotional impact: in relation to the patient’s situation”. Factors related to nurses’ experience of caring for women who have suffered intimate partner violence was; lack of time, lack of knowledge, emotional experiences, recurring memories and positive and negative aspects of collaborations across professionals. The nurses experienced sympathy and compassion for the women who experienced intimate partner violence. Conclusion: Further interventions, support operations and guidelines should be offered to nurses, to gain a more effective meeting while caring for women who have experienced domestic violence. This can contribute to a reduction of guilt and stigmatization for the women. Further research through both a nurse perspective and from women’s’ perspective regarding experiences during healthcare meetings, should be introduced. Through a holistic perspective a continued stride towards the global goals and human rights could be withheld. 

  • Frisk, Claudia
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Laverde Castro, Salomé
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Föräldrars upplevelse av neonatalvård: En litteraturöversikt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Becoming a parent means a major change in life and the time after childbirth is usually experienced as full of love and joy. For parents of sick newborns this is a stressful period and many of them feel that neither adequate nor proper support is offered. Something that is often caused by a lack of information. This raises the question of whether these feelings can be diminished and facilitate their experience.

    Aim: Describe parents' experiences during the neonatal care period.

    Method: Literature review based on the review of ten scientific qualitative articles which were analyzed using thematic content analysis.

    Results: Parents experienced difficulties finding themselves in their parenting role without support of the nurse. Information on the neonatal was often unclear and insufficient, this affected parents negatively and made them lose confidence in staff. Nurses who work from a family-centered approach can enhance parents' experiences during the hospitalization of the newborn.

    Conclusion: Families who were cared with a family-centered approach experienced a more positive time in neonatal ward. Parents who participated in the child's care experienced less stress and became stronger in the parent role. More research on the subject is recommended.

  • Palmgren, Martin
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Psoma, Lidija
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Opioidmissbruk: Patienters upplevelse av bemötandet i sjukvården2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The misuse of drugs is a growing global health concern. Today, opioids are a vital part of the medication regimen for an assortment of symptoms, amongst which is opioid abuse. Opioids and opioid abuse also cause a lot of suffering and premature death. People with opioid abuse frequent all parts of health care. Health care professionals do not feel comfortable in caring for the patient group, as they often find that they do not have adequate education in the subject. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe patients with opioid abuse experiences’ of their treatment within health care. Method: A general literature study with a qualitative approach. The study is based on twelve qualitative articles that have been analyzed and thematized using content analysis in order to answer the study’s purpose. Results: People with opioid abuse express that they face stigmatization, prejudicial attitudes and lack of understanding regarding the mechanisms of abuse from healthcare professionals. This contributes to fear and lack of trust in the care staff sometimes leads to the patient group avoiding seeking medical care and the patients perceiving that they receive less committed care than other patients. Conclusion: Further education of health care personnel regarding opioid abuse and related treatment options could lead to improved patient to health care personnel relations. Opioid substitution programs constitutes a point of contact between society and people with opioid abuse.

  • Wijk, Maksim
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Bulanova, Yulia
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Hot och våld inom akut beroendevård: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av utlösande faktorer och förebyggande arbete2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to investigate nurses ́ experience of triggering factors for threats and violence in emergency addiction care and how these can be prevented. Method A qualitative method with semi-structured interviews was applied. Main findings show that nurses experience high workload and malpractices as organization-based triggering factors. Patient-related triggering factors could be attributed to various substance abuse, the feeling of being locked away, and not being given the care you are looking for. The proactive work to reduce threats or violence in acute addiction care according to the nurses was based on a good response, communication and care relationship. Personal skills, work experience and teamwork are also an essential part of early identification and management of threatening situations as well as the maintenance of workplace safety. The conclusion is that threats and violence in healthcare are common, especially in emergency care. Various addictive substances can probably cause aggressive behavior, inhibitory effects and psychotic episodes. This is also the primary population that addiction care workers manage. Divergent perceptions of reality in these patients leads to the personnel good intention and help being interpreted as an attack. The authors ́ suggestions for continued research is to further study the characteristics and underlying mechanisms of threatening and violent outbreaks. More preventative methods should also be considered in this context.