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Mazaheri, Monir, Associate Professor, Senior lecturerORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3589-318X
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Publikationer (10 of 44) Visa alla publikationer
Grbovic, F., Åling, M., Strömberg, L. & Mazaheri, M. (2023). Assessing the Alignment of Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) with NANDA-I Taxonomy in Forensic Care Settings. Perspectives in psychiatric care, Article ID 8073893.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Assessing the Alignment of Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) with NANDA-I Taxonomy in Forensic Care Settings
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Perspectives in psychiatric care, ISSN 0031-5990, E-ISSN 1744-6163, artikel-id 8073893Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose. To investigate the alignment of START with NANDA-I in forensic psychiatric care. Design. A quantitative design was chosen to compare the START instrument with the NANDA-I taxonomy and analyze their alignment. Each item of the START was attempted to be matched with potentially relevant NANDA-I diagnoses, and the matched diagnoses were extracted and presented. Findings. The study demonstrated a strong alignment between START coding and NANDA-I diagnoses, with 99% of the START diagnoses finding a match within NANDA-I. These results support the use of NANDA-I in forensic psychiatric care, which facilitate providing comprehensive care and avoiding sole focus on psychiatric problems. Practice Implications. It is recommended to use a structured nursing taxonomy, such as NANDA-I, in forensic psychiatric care.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4671 (URN)10.1155/2023/8073893 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-29 Skapad: 2023-08-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-08-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Jodaki, K., Esmaeili, M., Cheraghi, M. A. & Mazaheri, M. (2023). Striving to Keep a Clear Conscience by Going Above and Beyond: The Experiences of Intensive Care Unit Nurses. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 46(2), 192-202
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Striving to Keep a Clear Conscience by Going Above and Beyond: The Experiences of Intensive Care Unit Nurses
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, ISSN 0887-9303, E-ISSN 1550-5111, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 192-202Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Working as a nurse in the critical care unit may involve ethical challenges including conflict of conscience. Literature provides very limited knowledge about intensive care unit (ICU) nurses' perception of conscience. Considering the influence of culture on the perception of conscience, it is important to study it in diverse contexts. This study aims were to explore the meaning of conscience and the impact of conscience on nurses' practice in the ICU. A qualitative research approach was used to answer the research question, and qualitative content analysis guided the study. A total of 17 interviews were conducted with ICU nurses. Data were collected through semistructured tools by using videoconferencing and face-to-face interviews. Data analysis resulted in the formation of 2 main categories and 7 subcategories. The main categories included understanding the conscience and unlimited efforts in caretaking as the path to a clear conscience. The category of understanding the conscience includes 3 subcategories of conscience as an intrinsic asset and internal observer, dynamicity of conscience, and conscience as the cornerstone of morality. Also, the category of unlimited efforts in caretaking as the path to a clear conscience consists of 4 subcategories including giving full attention to the patient, putting oneself in another's shoes, taking responsibility, and working beyond the job description. Conscience plays an essential role in providing the ethical care among ICU nurses. The ICU nurses felt that they need to go above and beyond to keep their conscience clear. Nurses expressed the importance of following the call of conscience at their workplace, which demanded unlimited efforts to achieve a clear conscience.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2023
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4518 (URN)10.1097/CNQ.0000000000000452 (DOI)36823746 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2023-03-06 Skapad: 2023-03-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-06Bibliografiskt granskad
Mazaheri, M., Kihlgren, M. & Norberg, A. (2022). Applying the theory of human development by Erik and Joan Erikson when communicating with persons with advanced dementia diseases. Nordic journal of nursing research, 42(4), 178-184
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Applying the theory of human development by Erik and Joan Erikson when communicating with persons with advanced dementia diseases
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordic journal of nursing research, ISSN 2057-1585, E-ISSN 2057-1593, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 178-184Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Persons with advanced dementia disease (ADD), here labelled PADDs, are shown to preserve parts of their self, which has opened up possibilities for involving them in their own care and establishing strategies for improving their communication with the surrounding world. Using the well-known theory of human development proposed by Erik and Joan Erikson, here labelled EJET, can operate as an efficient structure for formal caregivers to support PADDs in reclaiming their space. However, very few studies have used EJET as a framework in improving formal caregivers’ competence and the quality of care. This article aims to demonstrate the feasibility of applying EJET in the care of PADDs through two examples of successful application of this framework in interacting with PADDs in residential care settings. The examples demonstrate the significance of competent caregivers and the important role of tailoring nursing care plans to specific situations of the PADDs in their present and previous developmental phases.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2022
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4387 (URN)10.1177/20571585211048280 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-10-12 Skapad: 2022-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-10-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Chatchumni, M., Eriksson, H. & Mazaheri, M. (2022). Core components of an effective pain management education programme for surgical nurses: A Delphi study. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 17(1), Article ID 2110672.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Core components of an effective pain management education programme for surgical nurses: A Delphi study
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 17, nr 1, artikel-id 2110672Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The critical reason for this study is the inadequate training received by surgical nurses in acute and chronic pain management nursing services for patients. Purpose This study aimed to describe the core components of an effective pain management education programme (PMEP) for surgical nurses in Thailand. Methods A three-round Delphi method was used. A panel of 40 experts advised regarding the essential components of an effective PMEP for surgical nurses. Results The core components of a PMEP were derived from experts' panel consensus: (i) multidisciplinary collaboration, (ii) acquisition of innovative knowledge and training by healthcare teams, and (iii) consideration of individual differences when delivering pain management services. To enhance their pain management practices, nurses should adopt multimodal pain approaches that involve family roles and engage in active patient listening. Conclusions The PMEP designed in this study, which adheres to international nursing training standards, promotes the competency of professional nurses.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2022
Nyckelord
Delphi method, nurse education, pain management education programs, Post-operative pain
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4373 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2022.2110672 (DOI)000842634200001 ()35976037 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-02 Skapad: 2022-09-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-30Bibliografiskt granskad
Jolof, L., Rocca, P., Mazaheri, M., Okenwa-Emegwa, L. & Carlsson, T. (2022). Experiences of armed conflicts and forced migration among women from countries in the Middle East, Balkans, and Africa: a systematic review of qualitative studies. Conflict and Health, 16(1), Article ID 46.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Experiences of armed conflicts and forced migration among women from countries in the Middle East, Balkans, and Africa: a systematic review of qualitative studies
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Conflict and Health, E-ISSN 1752-1505, Vol. 16, nr 1, artikel-id 46Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: A significant proportion of the global population is displaced, many being women. Qualitative studies can generate in-depth findings that will contribute to an understanding of their experiences, but there is a need for further synthetization efforts. The aim was to provide a comprehensive perspective about adult women's experiences of armed conflicts and forced migration, focusing on women in or from countries in the Middle East, Balkans, or Africa.

Methods: Systematic review of English reports presenting empirical qualitative studies published in scientific journals 1980 or later, utilizing searches performed in September 2021 within three databases combined with manual screening. Of the 3 800 records screened in total, 26 were included. Methodological details and quality were appraised using pre-specified extraction and appraisal tools. The findings within the included reports were analyzed with thematic analysis.

Results: Most reports utilized interviews, including in total 494 participants, and were appraised as having insignificant methodological limitations. The first theme concerns changed living conditions, involving reduced safety, insufficient access to resources meeting basic needs, forced migration as a last resort, and some positive effects. The second theme concerns the experienced health-related consequences, involving psychological distress, risks during pregnancy and childbirth, exposure to violence and discrimination as a woman, as well as a lack of adequate healthcare services and social support. The third theme concerns the resources and strategies that enhance resilience, involving social support and family life, as well as utilization of internal resources and strategies.

Conclusion: When experiencing armed conflicts and forced migration, women face significant challenges related to changed living conditions and are exposed to health-related consequences. Consistently, women are targets of severe structural and personal violence, while lacking access to even the most basic healthcare services. Despite facing considerable hardships, these women display extraordinary resilience and endurance by finding strength through social support and internal resources. Synthesized qualitative research illustrates that women value social support, including peer support, which is a promising intervention that needs to be evaluated in future experimental studies.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BioMed Central (BMC), 2022
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4380 (URN)10.1186/s13031-022-00481-x (DOI)36071504 (PubMedID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Svenska Röda KorsetRegion Skåne
Tillgänglig från: 2022-09-27 Skapad: 2022-09-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Varasteh, S., Esmaeili, M. & Mazaheri, M. (2022). Factors affecting Iranian nurses' intention to leave or stay in the profession during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Nursing Review, 69(2), 139-149
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Factors affecting Iranian nurses' intention to leave or stay in the profession during the COVID-19 pandemic
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Nursing Review, ISSN 0020-8132, E-ISSN 1466-7657, Vol. 69, nr 2, s. 139-149Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: This study was conducted to explore the factors affecting nurses' intentions to leave or stay in their profession during the coronavirus pandemic in Iran.

INTRODUCTION: Because the effectiveness of a healthcare response to a disaster depends on an available, skilled, and motivated healthcare workforce, it is essential to understand and address potential barriers to and reasons for the intentions of medical staff to leave or stay in their profession.

METHODS: A qualitative study with a conventional content analysis approach was conducted. The participants included nurses working in hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic, and nurses who had previously left their job or had been absent from work for a period of time. The participants were selected using a purposeful sampling strategy. Data were collected through 19 in-depth, individual semi-structured interviews with 16 nurses. The COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research checklist was used to report the study.

FINDINGS: Three categories; commitment and work conscience (with a subcategory of risk-taking), fear (with two subcategories of fear of family infection and fear of protective equipment shortages), and organizational factors (with two subcategories of organizational atmosphere of the hospital and motivational factors), emerged from the analysis.

CONCLUSION: The reasons for quitting a nursing job or to keep working as a nurse during the pandemic include both personal and organizational factors. Commitment and work conscience in pandemic conditions is one of the main factors for keeping nurses in their profession.

IMPLICATION FOR NURSING PRACTICE AND POLICY: Gaining insight into nurses' understanding of the situation and perspectives is the key to being able to provide appropriate support and keep them in the workforce. Peer support can play an important role in supporting novice nurses in facing challenges posed by a pandemic and should be improved. Also, programs and strategies need to be planned to improve resilience among nurses and to help them to manage their stress and fear.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Nyckelord
COVID-19, Iran, coronavirus, intention to leave, nursing, pandemic, turnover
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4099 (URN)10.1111/inr.12718 (DOI)34561862 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-09-28 Skapad: 2021-09-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-07-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Jodaki, K., Esmaeili, M., Cheraghi, M. A. & Mazaheri, M. (2022). Intensive Care Unit Nurses' Conflict of Conscience: Walking the Razor's Edge. Nursing and Health Sciences, 24(1), 265-273
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Intensive Care Unit Nurses' Conflict of Conscience: Walking the Razor's Edge
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 265-273Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The study aimed to explore the conditions that accompany conflict of conscience experienced by nurses in intensive care units. A qualitative approach guided the study, which was undertaken between April 2020 and April 2021. A total of 15 registered nurses working in intensive care units were recruited through purposive sampling. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted. The data were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis. The analysis revealed two themes: "conflict of conscience in relation to the structure" and "Conflict of conscience based on context." Conflict of conscience in relation to the structure consisted of two categories: conflict of interest and conflict of conscience and law. Conflict of conscience based on context consisted of two categories: care dilemmas and arbitrary behaviors with end-stage patients. A variety of factors were accompanied by a conflict of conscience for nurses in intensive care units. Given that conflict of conscience has negative consequences on the health and quality of nursing care, health care managers need to tailor strategies to reduce the negative consequences considering the findings of the study.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Nyckelord
Conflict of Conscience, Ethics, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Nurse, Qualitative Study
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4199 (URN)10.1111/nhs.12921 (DOI)35061324 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-24 Skapad: 2022-01-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-04-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Mattsson, J., Hedlund, E., George-Svahn, L., Scheers Andersson, E., Mazaheri, M. & Björling, G. (2022). Nurses’ Experiences of Caring for Patients With Suspected or Confirmed COVID-19 in the Initial Stage of the Pandemic. Sage Open Nursing, 8, 1-11
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Nurses’ Experiences of Caring for Patients With Suspected or Confirmed COVID-19 in the Initial Stage of the Pandemic
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2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sage Open Nursing, E-ISSN 2377-9608, Vol. 8, s. 1-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Nursing staff have faced various challenges during the global pandemic of COVID-19 such as nursing shortages. The great number of COVID-19 patients requiring hospitalization placed heavy demands on healthcare staff to maintain patient safety and to work according to constantly changing guidelines to prevent the spread of infection.

Objective: The objective was to describe nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 in the initial phase of the pandemic.

Methods: The study has a qualitative design. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven nurses in primary care and hospital care during the initial stage of the pandemic. Qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach was used.

Results: The nurses expressed that the working routines changed very quickly at the onset of the pandemic. A triage system was implemented to care for patients with symptoms of COVID-19 to prevent transmission between patients. A major change was the constant use of personal protective equipment in patient care. The nurses also experienced a sense of inadequacy regarding the care of the patients and became emotionally affected and exhausted.

Conclusion: The nurses experienced that many patients worsened clinically, leading to exhausting and difficult nursing care situations. They also experienced increasing responsibility since new protective equipment and procedures needed to be quickly implemented according to frequently changing recommendations, causing the nurses to feel uncertain about how to maintain patient safety. Support from colleagues was crucial to cope throughout the initial stage of the pandemic.

Nyckelord
COVID-19, qualitative research, experiences, primary care, practice, advance practice nurses
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4363 (URN)10.1177/23779608221114981 (DOI)000834231400001 ()35899037 (PubMedID)
Tillgänglig från: 2022-08-01 Skapad: 2022-08-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Mazaheri, M. (2021). Conscience in nursing care: cultural variations. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Baltic Network of Philosophy of Medicine, Stockholm, October 8-9, 2021..
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Conscience in nursing care: cultural variations
2021 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Refereegranskat)
Nyckelord
Ethic, Conscience, nursing care, culture
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4117 (URN)
Konferens
Nordic Baltic Network of Philosophy of Medicine, Stockholm, October 8-9, 2021.
Tillgänglig från: 2021-10-23 Skapad: 2021-10-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-10-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Jordal, M., Eriksson, H., Salzmann-Erikson, M. & Mazaheri, M. (2021). Escorting Students into Responsibility and Autonomy (ESRA): A Model for Supervising Degree Project. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 12, 1165-1173
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Escorting Students into Responsibility and Autonomy (ESRA): A Model for Supervising Degree Project
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Advances in Medical Education and Practice, E-ISSN 1179-7258, Vol. 12, s. 1165-1173Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Several models for how to support students and provide them with the skills needed to write their degree projects have been proposed. However, few attempts have been made to present a general model for students’ academic work based on reasoning and communication skills rather than memorizing and mimicking their supervisors during their independent degree project.Objective: In the present paper, we propose a well-structured model that assists supervisors in promoting students’ responsibility and autonomy, while at the same time maintaining a high level of support.Presentation: We present a step-by-step protocol based on a partnership model with a contractual style that focuses on students’ academic work with their own texts through a process of alternating between abstract and concrete writing. This protocol, which is called the ESRA (Escorting the Students into Responsibility and Autonomy) model, can be utilized regardless of the content, specific aim and scope of the individual student’s degree project.Discussion and Conclusions: We argue that this model promotes high levels of engagement and assumption of responsibility among students, while also offering a feasible structure for ensuring the steps to empowerment and autonomy. Use of the ESRA model is suitable when a constructive interaction between students and supervisors is desirable as a tool to achieve the learning outcomes of the degree project. Thus, the proposed model is one step toward giving a new generation of nurses the skills and ability they need to adapt in the changing world of the 21st century and to make promoting health a core mission of their profession.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Dovepress, 2021
Nyckelord
learning, nursing education, peer learning, supervision, writing
Nationell ämneskategori
Didaktik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4108 (URN)10.2147/AMEP.S307169 (DOI)34675743 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85119598110 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2021-10-07 Skapad: 2021-10-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad
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Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3589-318X

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