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Arwidson, Charlotta
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Gottvall, M., Sjölund, S., Arwidson, C. & Saboonchi, F. (2019). Health-related quality of life among Syrian refugees resettled in Sweden. Quality of Life Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health-related quality of life among Syrian refugees resettled in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose The main purpose of this study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Syrian refugees resettled in Sweden. Further, we wanted to investigate whether sex, age, education, area of residence, cohabitation and social support were associated with HRQoL in this population. Methods This is a cross-sectional study including 1215 Syrian refugees from a randomly selected sample frame resettled in Sweden between the years 2011 and 2013. HRQoL was measured by the EQ-5D-5L descriptive system, and EQ-5D-5L index values were calculated. Associations between sex, age, education, area of residence, cohabitation, social support and EQ-5D-5L were investigated using multiple linear regression analysis. Results Depression/anxiety was the most commonly (61.9%) reported EQ-5D-5L problem among the group of Syrian refugees. The mean EQ-5D-5L index value was found to be 0.754. Male sex, younger age, cohabitation and social support were found associated with a higher EQ-5D-5L index score. Conclusions Our results concerning long-lasting health problems among the study population indicate that there is a profound need for policies and interventions promoting refugees' health. Our results also show that social support, a modifiable factor, is relevant to refugees' overall health, pointing to the importance of public health interventions and policies targeting the facilitation, mobilization and enhancing of refugees' social support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Quality of life, Refugees, Social support, Syria, Resettlement
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-3053 (URN)10.1007/s11136-019-02323-5 (DOI)31617059 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07194Swedish Red Cross
Available from: 2019-11-05 Created: 2019-11-05 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
Tinghög, P., Malm, A., Arwidson, C., Sigvardsdotter, E., Lundin, A. & Saboonchi, F. (2017). Prevalence of mental ill health, traumas and postmigration stress among refugees from Syria resettled in Sweden after 2011: a population-based survey. BMJ Open, 7(12), Article ID e018899.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence of mental ill health, traumas and postmigration stress among refugees from Syria resettled in Sweden after 2011: a population-based survey
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2017 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 12, article id e018899Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of and associations between anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), low subjective well-being (SWB), potential traumas and postmigration stress among refugees from Syria resettled in Sweden.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional and population-based questionnaire study based on a known and complete sample frame. The survey included multiple measures of mental ill health and factors of particular relevance for refugees. Weighted analyses were conducted to calculate representative prevalence rates and associations. Associations were investigated through a series of logistic regression analyses. All analyses were supplemented with robust 95% CIs.

SETTING: Sweden.

PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 1215 individuals (response rate 30.4%) from Syria aged 18-64 years that were granted residency in Sweden on grounds of asylum between 2011 and 2013.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anxiety, depression, PTSD and low SWB were assessed through Hopkins Symptom Checklist, Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and WHO-5 Well-being Index, using established cut-offs.

RESULTS: A majority of the participants met the criteria for at least one of the studied types of mental ill health, and the comorbidity was high. Depression was the most the common type with 40.2% (95% CI 36.9% to 43.3%), followed by low SWB with 37.7% (95% CI 34.8% to 40.1%), anxiety with 31.8% (95% CI 29.2% to 34.7%) and PTSD with 29.9% (95% CI 27.2% to 32.6%). Refugee-related potentially traumatic events (PTEs) experienced before or during migration was common as was substantial levels of postmigration stress. Most types of refugee-related PTEs, especially being exposed to interpersonal violence, and postmigration stress were associated with increased risks for anxiety, depression, low SWB and PTSD.

CONCLUSIONS: Mental ill health, in terms of anxiety, depression, low SWB and PTSD, are highly elevated and comorbid among refugees from Syria. Increased attention from multiple societal sectors to adequately support Syrian refugees' mental health needs, promoting recovery and reducing postmigration stress are needed.

Keywords
Mental Health, Post-migration Stress, Refugees, Resettlement, Syria, Trauma
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2518 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018899 (DOI)29289940 (PubMedID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07194Swedish Red Cross
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Tinghög, P., Arwidson, C., Sigvardsdotter, E., Malm, A. & Saboonchi, F. (2016). Nyanlända och asylsökande i Sverige: En studie av psykisk ohälsa, trauma och levnadsvillkor. Huddinge: Röda Korsets Högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nyanlända och asylsökande i Sverige: En studie av psykisk ohälsa, trauma och levnadsvillkor
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2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Människor som flyr från krig och konflikt har ofta varit med om omskakande händelser som kan leda till långvariga problem och ohälsa. Det finns lite kunskap om hur sådana erfarenheter påverkar en människa. För att öka kunskapen genomfördes under perioden maj 2015 till oktober 2016, en forskningsstudie vid Röda Korsets Högskola. Studien hade som syfte att uppskatta förekomsten av psykisk ohälsa bland nyanlända från Syrien och asylsökande från Eritrea, Syrien och Somalia samt att kartlägga förekomsten av erfarenheter av traumatiska händelser, post-migratorisk stress och svagt socialt stöd.

Data har samlats in via två enkäter samt register i två kompletterande studiepopulationer. Den första studiepopulationen bestod av 1215 nyanlända från Syrien med permanent uppehållstillstånd som blivit kommunmottagna mellan åren 2011 och 2013. Den andra studiepopulationen bestod av 173 asylsökande från Syrien, Eritrea och Somalia som bodde på ett asylboende i västra Sverige.

Resultaten från studien visar bland annat att den psykiska ohälsan i Sverige 2016 är mycket utbredd bland nyanlända från Syrien och bland asylsökande från Eritrea, Somalia och Syrien. Bland nyanlända från Syrien har var tredje en högst påtaglig depressions- eller ångestproblematik, detta samtidigt som 30 % uppger symtom som stämmer överens med posttraumatiskt stressyndrom (PTSD). Studien indikerar dessutom att psykisk ohälsa i form av depression, ångest, PTSD och lågt välbefinnande är betydligt vanligare bland asylsökande än bland nyanlända, särskilt bland asylsökande från Eritrea och Somalia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Röda Korsets Högskola, 2016. p. 82
Series
Röda Korsets Högskolas rapportsserie ; 2016:1
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2324 (URN)978-91-983684-0-6 (ISBN)
Projects
Psykisk ohälsa bland flyktingar
Funder
Swedish Red Cross
Available from: 2016-12-28 Created: 2016-12-28 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Arwidson, C., Pernold, M., Hallstedt, L., Dolietis, S., Ekbom, I., Secher, Å. & Ahlenius, A. (2015). Röster från skuggsamhället: att leva som paperslös i Sverige. Stockholm: Svenska Röda Korset / Stockholms Stadsmission
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Röster från skuggsamhället: att leva som paperslös i Sverige
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2015 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svenska Röda Korset / Stockholms Stadsmission, 2015. p. 42
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Report from Svenska Röda Korset
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2326 (URN)978-91-86089-27-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-28 Created: 2016-12-28 Last updated: 2016-12-28Bibliographically approved
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