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Publications (10 of 26) Show all publications
Sjögren Forss, K., Stjernberg, L. & Ekvall Hansson, E. (2017). Osteoarthritis and fear of physical activity-The effect of patient education. Cogent Medicine (4), 1-5, Article ID 1328820.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Osteoarthritis and fear of physical activity-The effect of patient education
2017 (English)In: Cogent Medicine, ISSN 2331-205X, no 4, p. 1-5, article id 1328820Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The aim of the current study was twofold. The first aim was to investigate, from the aspects of gender, age and Body Mass Index, the prevalence of fear among individuals with osteoarthritis that their joints would be harmed if they performed physical activity. The second aim was to determine if a patient education programme might lessen this fear.

Method: A total of 100 participants were enrolled in a randomised controlled study and completed measures on two occasions over the course of six months. The participants were randomised to either an intervention group or to a control group.

Results: More than a quarter of the participants feared that their joints would be harmed if they performed physical activity. This was reported by significantly more men than women. Age and Body Mass Index did not seem to have any significant impact on the fear. The patient education programme for osteoarthritis reduced fear significantly (p = 0.010).

Conclusions: A patient education programme appear to be one way of reducing the fear among individuals with osteoarthritis, that the joints would be harmed by physical activity.

Keywords
osteoarthritis, fear, physical activity, education
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2405 (URN)10.1080/2331205X.2017.1328820 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-05-22 Created: 2017-05-22 Last updated: 2017-05-23Bibliographically approved
Bjegovic-Mikanovic, V., Foldspang, A., Jakubowski, E., Müller-Nordhorn, J., Otok, R. & Stjernberg, L. (2015). Developing The Publichealth Workforce. Eurohealth, 21(1), 24-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing The Publichealth Workforce
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2015 (English)In: Eurohealth, ISSN 1356-1030, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 24-27Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of the public health workforce is acornerstone in WHO's Action Plan for Strengthening Public HealthServices and Capacities. Public health education shall combineEssential Public Health Operations – surveillance; monitoring; healthprotection and promotion; disease prevention; service delivery;communication and research – with the competences needed within:public health methods; population health and its social, economicand environmental determinants; and man-made systems andinterventions to improve population health. An authorised publichealth profession founded on graduation from comprehensive publichealth education is needed. The capacity and standards of Schoolsof Public Health should accordingly be continuously developed.

Keywords
Public Health Workforce, Essential Public Health Operations, Public Health Competences, Public Health Education, Public Health Training, Public Health Professionalisation
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2006 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-12 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Thern, E., Sjögren Forss, K., Jogreus, C. & Stjernberg, L. (2015). Factors associated with active commuting among parents-to-be in Karlskrona, Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 43(1), 59-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors associated with active commuting among parents-to-be in Karlskrona, Sweden
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 59-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose of the present study is to examine the prevalence of active commuting and factors associated with participation in active commuting in the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. Active commuting is defined here as walking or cycling to and from school/work for at least 15 min one-way. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out, which included baseline data from parents-to-be. Pregnant females and their partners were invited to participate in the study when they contacted either of the municipality’s two antenatal clinics. Data collection ran from March 2008 to February 2009. When completing the questionnaire, the participants were asked to reflect on their situation one month before the female became pregnant. The final sample consisted of 432 participants (response rate 51.9% for females and 85.0% for males). Results: The main mode of commuting was motor vehicle (63.0%), with active commuters forming a minority (8.3%). The main facilitating factor for active commuting was living in an urban as opposed to a rural area. Regular participation in outdoor recreational physical activity was significantly positively associated with active commuting. Being Swedish and being surrounded by a green space environment were significantly negatively associated with active commuting. Conclusions: This study found that the number of people who are active commuters is modest and other modes of transportation are preferred. Several facilitating and impeding factors associated with active commuting were also found, indicating the importance of applying a broad health-promoting approach to encouraging active commuting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE, 2015
Keywords
Active commuting, ethnicity, outdoor recreational physical activity, residential area.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1937 (URN)10.1177/1403494814559119 (DOI)25411312 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-05-26 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, E., Sjögren Forss, K., Jorgréus, C. & Stjernberg, L. (2014). Exercise and factors associated with active commuting. Paper presented at 7th European Public Health Conference. European Journal of Public Health, 24(S2), 312
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exercise and factors associated with active commuting
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 24, no S2, p. 312-Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2009 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/cku166.032 (DOI)
Conference
7th European Public Health Conference
Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-12 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Sjögren Forss, K., Ekvall Hansson, E., Troein, M. & Stjernberg, L. (2014). Patterns of physical activity among women and men before and during pregnancy. Public Health, 128(9), 814-816
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of physical activity among women and men before and during pregnancy
2014 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 128, no 9, p. 814-816Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Follow changing physical activity (PA) patterns among women and men during pregnancy compared to before pregnancy. Study design: Longitudinal study. Methods: The study involved 280 individuals, 145 women and 135 men (who were partners to the women), from the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. Data were collected during 2008–2009. We measured the self-reported amount of PA performed outdoors and indoors during the 12 months before pregnancy and throughout the entire pregnancy. Results: Among both women and men, we found changes in PA patterns during pregnancy compared to before pregnancy. Women and men were more physically active before pregnancy than during pregnancy. Similar patterns were found among women and men with regard to the type of activity, with both groups taking more exercise and pursuing aquatic sports, indoor PA and non-strenuous activities before pregnancy and more strolling/walking during pregnancy. Conclusions: Our findings contribute new knowledge about changes in men’s PA patterns from pre-pregnancy to pregnancy that is an unexplored field. Changes in the women’s activity patterns during pregnancy also affect the men. Women seem to adjust their activity patterns during the pregnancy. The changes in activity patterns among the men are more tentative but follow the pattern for the women, which could be explained by the couples sharing their everyday lives. Midwives should consider providing information to men about the importance of being physically active during pregnancy and informing them about their role in encouraging women to be physically active.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Men, Women, Patterns, Physical activity, Pregnancy
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1918 (URN)10.1016/j.puhe.2014.06.010 (DOI)25174666 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-01-02 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Czabanowska, K., Laaser, U. & Stjernberg, L. (2014). Shaping and Authorising a Public Health Profession. The South Eastern European Journal of Public Health, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaping and Authorising a Public Health Profession
2014 (English)In: The South Eastern European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2197-5248, Vol. 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this short communication is to stimulate a discussion on the state of a public health profession in Europe and actions which need to be taken to authorise public health professionals based on their competencies. While regulated professions such as medical doctors, nurses, lawyers, and architects can enjoy the benefits of the 2005/ 36/EC Directive amended by 2013/55/EU Directive on the recognition of professional qualifications, public health professionals are left out from these elite. Firstly, we use the profession traits theory as a framework in arguing whether public health can be a legitimate profession in itself, second, we explain who public health professionals are and what usually is required for shaping the public health profession, and thirdly, we attempt to sketch the road to the authorisation or licencing of public health professionals. Finally, we will propose some recommendation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jacobs Publishing Company, 2014
Keywords
Public health, profession, professionalization, recognition of professional qualifications
National Category
Nursing Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1913 (URN)10.12908/SEEJPH-2014-23 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-10-26 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Otok, R. & Stjernberg, L. (2014). Undergraduate education in public health in Europe: The positioning of bachelor programmes for public health. Paper presented at 7th European Public Health Conference, November 2014. European Journal of Public Health, 24(S2), 301
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Undergraduate education in public health in Europe: The positioning of bachelor programmes for public health
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 24, no S2, p. 301-Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

In response to the increased demand from the public health labour market, various bachelor and master programmes have been developed in recent years throughout Europe. As an example, in the European ASPHER survey 18 Schools and Departments of Public Health delivered 977 bachelor degrees per year (2011/12) with a median of 55 per institution. The expectations of – present and potential - employers of professionals, trained in public health, are largely unknown. However, in comparison to the attention paid and the knowledge generated around postgraduate/master education in public health, still relatively little is known about the provision of bachelor degrees. Furthermore, while real efforts have and are made to define professional and academic frameworks, including accreditation schemes for master programmes, the roles, practices and competences for bachelor programmes are somehow blur. This presentation will report on the work of the ASPHER's Working Group on Undergraduate Public Health Education in Europe aiming to promote collaboration initiatives on bachelor programmes across Europe among academic institutions, share best practices and generate knowledge on employability and career progression of public health bachelor graduates. In particular, the results of the survey carried out by ASPHER across over 100 schools of public health in early 2014 will be presented bringing up the current and full picture as regards the undergraduate education in Public Health in Europe.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2008 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/cku165.158 (DOI)
Conference
7th European Public Health Conference, November 2014
Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-12 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Schröder-Bäck, P., Stjernberg, L. & Borg, A. M. (2013). Values and ethics amidst the economic crisis. European Journal of Public Health, 23(5), 723-724
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Values and ethics amidst the economic crisis
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 723-724Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current protracted economic crisis is giving rise to the scarcity of public health resources across Europe. In response to budgetary pressures and the Eurozone public debt crisis, decision-makers resort to a short-term solution: the introduction of austerity measures in diverse policy fields. Health and social policy tend to be easy targets in this regard and budget cuts often include a reduction of healthcare expenditure or social welfare benefits. We suggest incorporating discussions from the field of ethics in policy making processes and in the academic debate on austerity. This includes recognising procedural justice as a social value. On the road to economic recovery, governments are compelled to resort to fiscal consolidation and austerity packages but decisions taken to save our European ships in crisis should be anchored in values such as (procedural) justice, equity and solidarity.

Abstract [sv]

Open access journal

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2013
Keywords
Austerity, Europe, Health, Ethics, Values
National Category
Nursing Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1916 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckt115 (DOI)23851645 (PubMedID)
Note

Viewpoints/ Short communications

Available from: 2015-10-22 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Sjögren Forss, K. & Stjernberg, L. (2012). Differences in physical activity patterns among women and men with and without children. European Journal of Public Health, 22(suppl. 2), 133-133
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences in physical activity patterns among women and men with and without children
2012 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 22, no suppl. 2, p. 133-133Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Due to health effects from participating in physical activity (PA) it is from a public health perspective important to study how participation PA may change over a lifetime and how different life events impact on the participation. Although studies in the field are sparse, parenthood has been found to be a life event associated with decreased PA, especially among women. We studied physical activities performed among women and men with and without children. Methods This study includes data for from parents-to-be, 224 women and 208 men, from Karlskrona municipality, situated in the south eastern part of Sweden. Data collection was carried out during 2008–2009. When contacting the antenatal clinics in the municipality all expectant parents were asked by the midwife about participation in the study. Respondents completed a questionnaire about age, socioeconomic status, level of education, previous children, smoking and alcohol habits, Body Mass Index, self estimated health, and participation in different kinds of outdoor and indoor recreational PA. We measured the self-reported amount of outdoor recreational PA undertaken during the last year. Results Both women and men without children performed more outdoor and indoor PA compared to those who had children. Women walked significantly more (p = 0.017) than men irrespective of whether or not they had children. Women with children participated in significantly more gardening (p = 0.009) and winter sports (p = 0.013) than women without children, and women without children participated in significantly more PA indoors (p = 0.001) than women with children. Men with children participated in significantly more gardening (p = 0.001) than men without children, and men without children participated in significantly more PA indoors (p = 0.006). Conclusions Becoming a parent is a life event that affects participation in PA, both concerning duration and the kind of activities performed. To gain deeper understanding and more insight about reasons for these changed patterns of PA as well as the effects on the outcome of the parents health in a short- and long term would be important to follow prospectively.

Keywords
Physical activity, Parenthood
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1919 (URN)
Available from: 2014-12-05 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2017-10-30Bibliographically approved
Aceijas, C., Brall, C., Schröder-Bäck, P., Otok, R., Maeckelberghe, E., Stjernberg, L., . . . Tulchinsky, T. H. (2012). Teaching Ethics in Schools of Public Health in the European Region: Findings from a Screening Survey. Public Health Reviews, 34(1), 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teaching Ethics in Schools of Public Health in the European Region: Findings from a Screening Survey
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2012 (English)In: Public Health Reviews, ISSN 0301-0422, E-ISSN 2107-6952, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A survey targeting ASPHER members was launched in 2010/11, being a first initiative in improving ethics education in European Schools of Public Health. An 8-items questionnaire collected information on teaching of ethics in public health. A 52% response rate (43/82) revealed that almost all of the schools (95% out of 40 respondents with valid data) included the teaching of ethics in at least one of its programmes. They also expressed the need of support, (e.g.: a model curriculum (n=25), case studies (n=24)), which indicates further work to be met by the ASPHER Working Group on Ethics and Values in Public Health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Health Reviews, 2012
Keywords
public health ethics, education, European Region
National Category
Pedagogy Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1904 (URN)
Available from: 2015-10-26 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8673-5109

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