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Okenwa-Emegwa, L. (2023). Embracing Equity via Reflections on Gender and Gender Equilibrium in Pre-colonial, Colonial and Post Colonial Sub-Saharan Africa: case studies from Nigeria. In: : . Paper presented at 2023 International Women’s Day Celebration, organized by AfroSvenskarna Riksorganisation and The Nigerian Union, Stockholm, Sweden, March 11, 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Embracing Equity via Reflections on Gender and Gender Equilibrium in Pre-colonial, Colonial and Post Colonial Sub-Saharan Africa: case studies from Nigeria
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Genetic studies and analysis of artefacts, archaeology, oral history, cultural practices, and language seem to suggest that far from the popular portrayal as oppressed and marginalized, precolonial African women were visible and played key sociopolitical roles. While Africa is not homogenous in terms of cultural practices, evidence suggest that in many African societies, women were active in trade, commerce, agriculture, pottery, and metal production e.g., in West, and Southern Africa. Precolonial African women fought and led wars and had their own armies like the Amazons of Dahomey.

Across various communities in Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, matriclans existed alongside Patriclans and have survived till date. Although patriarchy is still very visible, it seems many pre-colonial African societies had traditional practices that promoted gender equilibrium. Examples of such practices include the existence of several centers of authority in which women were present (e.g., the Umuada system of Eastern Nigeria); the recognition of non-binary gender (e.g., in some parts of East Africa); and the existence of non-binary gender roles such as female husbands, and male daughters (still practiced in parts of East and West Africa). 

In the geographical area known today as Nigeria, women were active in establishing kingdoms as found in Ondo and Daura, they were also known for long distance trade rising to become Iyalode and Iyaloja, two positions of power practiced among the Yorubas of Nigeria. The legend of powerful Queens who fought hard to protect their Kingdoms include Queen Moremi of Ile-Ife and Queen Amina of Zaria, who like Queen Idia of Bini Kingdom, led several wars. Among the Binis and Yorubas, the Queen mother remains a revered position of influence and power, and in many parts of Nigeria, women still have their own chieftaincy societies which contribute to governance and development and are a force to be reckoned with, an example is the Odu society of the Onitsha people. Practices like “sitting-on-a-man”, fines, exile or being made an outcast were tools for addressing sexism, oppression of women, and various crimes against women such as rape (e.g., among the Igbos). 

Unfortunately, colonialism and the introduction of new religions with strict views on women, such as Christianity and Islam, changed the status quo for women. Three case studies are presented, one is the 1929 Aba women war, a women-led protest against colonial taxation and solely based on the tradition of sitting-on-a-man. The other two case studies are taken from Chinua Achebe’s Things fall apart and address how male perpetrators of domestic violence were perceived. Against the backdrop of an analysis of old-fashioned female names of endearment and protection commonly given to women by fathers and husbands, traditional practices targeted at women are discussed through the lens of what the ancestors likely intended to achieve. These traditional practices like test of virginity, female genital mutilation, bride price, widowhood practices, land acquisition and inheritance, wife inheritance and many others are critically examined and discussed. The need to keep the good, eliminate the bad, and where necessary, beautify the ugly is emphasized.

 

 

 

 

Keywords
Gender, Equity, Africa, Colonial, gender equilibrum, women empowerment, traditional practices
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4524 (URN)
Conference
2023 International Women’s Day Celebration, organized by AfroSvenskarna Riksorganisation and The Nigerian Union, Stockholm, Sweden, March 11, 2023
Available from: 2023-03-13 Created: 2023-03-13 Last updated: 2023-03-22Bibliographically approved
Okenwa-Emegwa, L. (2023). Ensuring the Health and Safety of Employees at the Risk of Intimate Partner Violence While Working from Home: New Insights Gained During the Covid-19 Pandemic. In: Kemi Ogunyemi; Adaora Onaga (Ed.), Responsible Management of Shifts in Work Modes: Values for Post Pandemic Sustainability, Volume 2 (pp. 119-128). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ensuring the Health and Safety of Employees at the Risk of Intimate Partner Violence While Working from Home: New Insights Gained During the Covid-19 Pandemic
2023 (English)In: Responsible Management of Shifts in Work Modes: Values for Post Pandemic Sustainability, Volume 2 / [ed] Kemi Ogunyemi; Adaora Onaga, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023, p. 119-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Many organisations recently instructed employees to work from home due to lockdowns and restrictions put in place to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the unprecedented increase in intimate partner violence (IPV) during the same period have raised concerns about women’s risk of exposure to IPV when the home and workplace overlap during work-at-home instances. IPV is a global public health problem that negatively affects the health, safety, and productivity of victims and co-workers through various mechanisms. While IPV awareness and policies have developed slowly from an occupational health perspective, the workplace remains crucial in identifying, responding to, and offering support to victims. Thus, as part of preparing for future pandemics and considering that working at home has become the new normal, the overlap between home and the workplace cannot be ignored. This chapter discusses the role of employers and how existing guidelines about employers’ response to IPV can be applied when staff work from home.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4503 (URN)10.1108/978-1-80262-723-720221012 (DOI)978-1-80262-724-4 (ISBN)978-1-80262-723-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-02-24 Created: 2023-02-24 Last updated: 2023-02-27Bibliographically approved
Dopelt, K., Shevach, I., Vardimon, O. E., Czabanowska, K., De Nooijer, J., Otok, R., . . . Barach, P. (2023). Simulation as a key training method for inculcating public health leadership skills: a mixed methods study. Frontiers in Public Health, 11, Article ID 1202598.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simulation as a key training method for inculcating public health leadership skills: a mixed methods study
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2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Public Health, E-ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 11, article id 1202598Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Successful management of public health challenges requires developing and nurturing leadership competencies. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of training simulations to assess public health leadership and decision-making competencies during emergencies as an effective learning and training method.

Methods: We examined the effects of two simulation scenarios on public health school students in terms of their experience (compared to face-to-face learning) and new skills acquired for dealing with similar emergent situations in the future. A mixed-methods design included developing a validated and pre-tested questionnaire with open-and closed-ended questions that examined the simulation impact and the degree of student satisfaction with the conditions in which it was conducted. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with the students after going through the simulations. The questionnaire results were evaluated using descriptive analytics. The interviews were analyzed using thematic analyses. All data were collected during June 2022.

Results: The questionnaire results indicate that students strengthened their interpersonal communication skills and learned about the importance of listening to the opinions of others before formulating their positions. Four themes emerged from 16 in-depth interviews, according to Kolb’s experimental learning cycle. Students emphasized the effectiveness of experiential learning versus traditional classroom learning. The simulation scenarios were felt to realistically convey critical issues regarding leadership, decision-making, and teamwork challenges. They effectively conveyed the importance of building a culture of conducting substantive and respectful discussions.

Conclusion: Simulation is a powerful pedagogical training tool for public health leadership competencies. Simulations were seen to be advantageous over face-to-face learning in imparting a range of leadership skills and hands-on practice. We recommend integrating simulations in all public health leadership training programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
simulation, leadership, communication skills, Kolb’s experimental learning, ethical dilemma
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4667 (URN)10.3389/fpubh.2023.1202598 (DOI)37483956 (PubMedID)
Projects
SEEEPHI
Available from: 2023-08-02 Created: 2023-08-02 Last updated: 2023-08-21Bibliographically approved
Okenwa-Emegwa, L. & Gasevic, D. (2022). Editorial: Workplace health promotion. Frontiers In Public Health, 10, Article ID 1090333.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial: Workplace health promotion
2022 (English)In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, article id 1090333Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
Keywords
wellbeing, wellness packages, uptake, managers, occupational health and safety
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4439 (URN)10.3389/fpubh.2022.1090333 (DOI)36561875 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-01-10 Created: 2023-01-10 Last updated: 2023-03-14Bibliographically approved
Gasevic, D., Alif, S. M. & Okenwa-Emegwa, L. (2022). Editorial: Workplace Health Promotion, volume II. Frontiers In Public Health, 10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial: Workplace Health Promotion, volume II
2022 (English)In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4476 (URN)10.3389/fpubh.2022.1102042 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-01-26 Created: 2023-01-26 Last updated: 2023-01-26Bibliographically approved
Bashkin, O., Otok, R., Leighton, L., Czabanowska, K., Barach, P., Davidovitch, N., . . . Mor, Z. (2022). Emerging lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic about the decisive competencies needed for the public health workforce: A qualitative study. Frontiers In Public Health, 10, Article ID 990353.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emerging lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic about the decisive competencies needed for the public health workforce: A qualitative study
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2022 (English)In: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 10, article id 990353Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The global COVID-19 crisis exposed the critical need for a highly qualified public health workforce. This qualitative research aimed to examine public health workforce competencies needed to face COVID-19 challenges and identify the gaps between training programs and the competency demands of real-world disasters and pandemics. Through a sample of thirty-one participant qualitative interviews, we examined the perspectives of diverse stakeholders from lead public health organizations in Israel. Grounded Theory was used to analyze the data. Six themes emerged from the content analysis: public health workforce's low professional status and the uncertain future of the public health workforce; links between the community and Higher Education institutions; the centrality of communication competencies; need to improve health promotion; the role of leadership, management, and partnership, and innovation in public health coherence. Increasing the attractiveness of the profession, professional and financial support, and improving the working conditions to ensure a sustainable and resilient PH system were deemed necessary. This paper describes and cultivates new knowledge and leadership skills among public health professionals, and lays the groundwork for future public health leadership preparedness programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4379 (URN)10.3389/fpubh.2022.990353 (DOI)36117595 (PubMedID)
Projects
Sharing European Educational Experience in Public Health for Israel (SEEEPHI): harmonization, employability, leadership, and outreach
Note

The project is financed by EU funds within the framework of the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union (Grant Agreement 618578-EPP-1-2020-1-BE-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP).

Available from: 2022-09-20 Created: 2022-09-20 Last updated: 2022-10-04Bibliographically approved
Jolof, L., Rocca, P., Mazaheri, M., Okenwa-Emegwa, L. & Carlsson, T. (2022). Experiences of armed conflicts and forced migration among women from countries in the Middle East, Balkans, and Africa: a systematic review of qualitative studies. Conflict and Health, 16(1), Article ID 46.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of armed conflicts and forced migration among women from countries in the Middle East, Balkans, and Africa: a systematic review of qualitative studies
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2022 (English)In: Conflict and Health, ISSN 1752-1505, E-ISSN 1752-1505, Vol. 16, no 1, article id 46Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: A significant proportion of the global population is displaced, many being women. Qualitative studies can generate in-depth findings that will contribute to an understanding of their experiences, but there is a need for further synthetization efforts. The aim was to provide a comprehensive perspective about adult women's experiences of armed conflicts and forced migration, focusing on women in or from countries in the Middle East, Balkans, or Africa.

Methods: Systematic review of English reports presenting empirical qualitative studies published in scientific journals 1980 or later, utilizing searches performed in September 2021 within three databases combined with manual screening. Of the 3 800 records screened in total, 26 were included. Methodological details and quality were appraised using pre-specified extraction and appraisal tools. The findings within the included reports were analyzed with thematic analysis.

Results: Most reports utilized interviews, including in total 494 participants, and were appraised as having insignificant methodological limitations. The first theme concerns changed living conditions, involving reduced safety, insufficient access to resources meeting basic needs, forced migration as a last resort, and some positive effects. The second theme concerns the experienced health-related consequences, involving psychological distress, risks during pregnancy and childbirth, exposure to violence and discrimination as a woman, as well as a lack of adequate healthcare services and social support. The third theme concerns the resources and strategies that enhance resilience, involving social support and family life, as well as utilization of internal resources and strategies.

Conclusion: When experiencing armed conflicts and forced migration, women face significant challenges related to changed living conditions and are exposed to health-related consequences. Consistently, women are targets of severe structural and personal violence, while lacking access to even the most basic healthcare services. Despite facing considerable hardships, these women display extraordinary resilience and endurance by finding strength through social support and internal resources. Synthesized qualitative research illustrates that women value social support, including peer support, which is a promising intervention that needs to be evaluated in future experimental studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2022
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4380 (URN)10.1186/s13031-022-00481-x (DOI)36071504 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Red CrossRegion Skåne
Available from: 2022-09-27 Created: 2022-09-27 Last updated: 2022-09-28Bibliographically approved
Åling, M., Lindgren, A., Löfall, H. & Okenwa-Emegwa, L. (2021). A Scoping Review to Identify Barriers and Enabling Factors for Nurse-Patient Discussions on Sexuality and Sexual Health. Nursing Reports, 11(2), 253-266
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Scoping Review to Identify Barriers and Enabling Factors for Nurse-Patient Discussions on Sexuality and Sexual Health
2021 (English)In: Nursing Reports, ISSN 2039-439X, E-ISSN 2039-4403, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 253-266Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Sexuality and sexual health (SSH) are essential aspects of care that have evolved since a 1975 World Health Organization (WHO) report on SSH. However, nurses still consider discussing the subject with patients a challenge. This scoping review aimed to map, synthesize, and summarize findings from existing literature regarding barriers and enabling factors for nurse-patient SSH discussions in care contexts. Methods: A scoping review model inspired by Arksey and O'Malley was used to search for and synthesize studies published between 2009 and 2019. The databases searched were the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, i.e., MEDLARS Online. A total of nineteen articles were eligible to be included. Results: Two main categories of enabling factors were identified, i.e., a professional approach via using core care values and availability of resources. Three major categories of barriers were identified: beliefs and attitudes related to age, gender, and sexual identity; fear and individual convictions; and work-related factors. Conclusions: Applying professionalism and core care values as well as making resources available are likely to promote SSH discussions between nurses and patients. Moreover, there is a need for a norm-critical approach in education and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021
Keywords
nurse, sexuality, sexual health, barriers, enabling factor, power, well-being, norm, care values, ethics
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4080 (URN)10.3390/nursrep11020025 (DOI)000668292600001 ()34968203 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2021-07-12 Created: 2021-07-12 Last updated: 2022-01-04
Okenwa-Emegwa, L., Tinghög, P., Vaez, M. & Saboonchi, F. (2021). Exposure to Violence Among Syrian Refugee Women Preflight and During Flight: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study in Sweden. SAGE Open, 11(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exposure to Violence Among Syrian Refugee Women Preflight and During Flight: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study in Sweden
2021 (English)In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 11, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Violence against women (VAW) is a hidden aspect of humanitarian emergencies, especially during conflicts, and prevalence estimates remain scarce. An adequate response to VAW in humanitarian contexts requires information regarding the extent of the problem and associated factors, including the role of past violence. This study is a questionnaire survey of a random sample of 452 Syrian refugee women resettled in Sweden. Findings show that the prevalence of any violence preflight and during flight was 25.1% and 7.8%, respectively. Older women and women exposed to violence preflight were more likely to experience violence during flight. Findings suggest the need for more trauma-informed systems of handling asylum seekers and refugees, as a humanitarian principle. Other implications for research and practice are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2021
Keywords
physical violence, resettlement, sexual violence, torture, violence against women
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4090 (URN)10.1177/21582440211031555 (DOI)000691258600001 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2017-07194
Available from: 2021-08-17 Created: 2021-08-17 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Okenwa Emegwa, L. & Jansson, B. (2021). Utbildning inom högskolor, universitet och kriminalvården om mäns våld mot kvinnor och våld i nära relationer. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 98(4), 554-560
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utbildning inom högskolor, universitet och kriminalvården om mäns våld mot kvinnor och våld i nära relationer
2021 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 98, no 4, p. 554-560Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

I ett tidigare temanummer av Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift 2019 (nummer 4) redovisas mäns våld mot kvinnor och våld i nära relationer både nationellt och globalt. I en av artiklarna betonades vikten av både grundutbildning för de som möter problemet i sin yrkesutövning men även behovet av lokala utbildningar i närområdet bland grupper där jämställdhetsarbetet är eftersatt. De yrken som omfattas av det nya examensmålet i Högskoleförordningen möter personer som utsätts för olika typer av våld mot kvinnor och våld i nära relationer. Införandet av det nya examensmålet är därför ett unikt sätt att bekräfta den högre utbildningens strategiska roll.

Detta temanummer syftar till att både generellt sprida och öka kunskapen men framför allt att bidra till ett kunskapsutbyte mellan de olika lärosätena. Här ges en möjlighet att ta del av varandras erfarenheter, idéer och pedagogiska grepp. Vår förhoppning är att temanumret skall var en källa till inspiration i det fortsatta viktiga arbetet med att minska mäns våld mot kvinnor. Glädjande har många värdefulla och intressanta artiklar inkommit som representerar hur man arbetar med ämnet både för blivande fysioterapeuter, socionomer, sjuksköterskor och för personalen inom kriminalvården.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, 2021
Keywords
våld i nära relationer, mäns våld mot kvinnor, utbildning, högskolor, universitet, lärandemål om våld, SFS 2017:857, SFS 2018:1135
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4389 (URN)
Available from: 2022-10-27 Created: 2022-10-27 Last updated: 2022-10-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0459-1496

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