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A population-based study on well-being in the very old: the role of cardiovascular diseases and drugs
Sophiahemmet högskola / Karolinska Institutet / Äldrecentrum, Stockholm.
Karolinska Institutet / Äldrecentrum, Stockholm.
Karolinska Institutet / Äldrecentrum, Stockholm.
Sophiahemmet / Karolinska Institutet / Äldrecentrum, Stockholm.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0971-5283
2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print), ISSN 0167-4943, E-ISSN 1872-6976, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 287-297Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Cardiovascular diseases constitute the most common health problems in very old people. Consequently, cardiovascular drugs are the medicines that are most frequently used by elderly subjects. Although many studies have examined the physiological effect and adverse reactions of these drugs, knowledge on their effect on emotional well-being is missing. The present study aims to examine the association between cardiovascular diseases and their medical treatment on the emotional well-being of very old people. We investigated a representative group of elderly subjects gathered from a population-based study (n=235). Participants were 84 years or older and cognitively intact (mini-mental state examination (MMSE) > or =24 points). Well-being was assessed with the positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS), measuring different mood categories. Cardiovascular diseases were diagnosed following the International Classification of Diseases. In this population the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases was high (62%). Multivariate regression analysis showed that while being affected by a cardiovascular disease did not affect the emotional well-being of the subjects (PANAS-PA, p=0.171; PANAS-NA, p=0.209), the use of some cardiovascular drugs showed an association. Cardiac glycosides (p=0.006) and nitrates (p=0.008) were associated with increased negative feelings. Due to high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and use of cardiovascular medicines, this finding has relevance on the quality of life of elderly people. However, due to the nature of this study we cannot assess cause-effect relationship of this positive association. Therefore, the present findings suggest that there is a need for clinical studies in this increasing and limited studied age group.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2005. Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 287-297
Emneord [en]
well-being, old people, population-based, cardiovascular diseases, cardiovascular drugs
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2667DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2004.09.005PubMedID: 15814162OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2667DiVA, id: diva2:1250484
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-24 Laget: 2018-09-24 Sist oppdatert: 2018-10-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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