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Äldres patienters upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 2: En Litteraturstudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Elderly patients experiences of living with type 2 diabetes : A literature study (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: The elderly population is increasing, and the chronic disease type 2 diabetes is becoming more prevalent, and this affects their well-being. This results in high costs regarding managing the recommended healthy lifestyle. Patients experience both psychological and physical impact due to fear of disease complications and becoming multimorbid.

Purpose: To describe elderly patients ́ experiences of living with type 2 diabetes.

Method: A literature study with qualitative content analysis based on 12 original qualitative articles was conducted with focus on patients ‘experiences.

Results: Three main categories and six sub-categories were emerged: Emotional experiences, Experiences of support and Need for diabetes education program. Subcategories were fear and frustration, hopelessness, Acceptance and social support, Attitudes towards the health careteam, lack of knowledge about T2D and experiences of low self-efficacy.

Conclusion: Literature study has shown that patients have different experiences of living with type 2 diabetes and a more individualized diabetes care is needed. The nurse should also approach the patient from a holistic perspective by focusing on the whole person and not juston the disease.

Implications: Further research is recommended to promote quality of life in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den äldre befolkning ökar samtidigt som den kroniska sjukdomen diabetes typ 2 bli alltmer förekommande vilket påverkar välbefinnandet. Detta resulterar i höga kostnader föratt hantera den rekommenderade hälsosamma livsstilen. Patienter upplever både psykologisk och fysisk påverkan på grund av rädsla för sjukdoms komplikationer och att bli multi-sjuka.

Syfte: Att beskriva äldre patienters upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 2.

Metod: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ innehållsanalys grundad på 12 original kvalitativa artiklar som genomfördes med fokus på patienters upplevelser.

Resultat: Tre huvudkategorier och sex subkategorier formulerades. Huvudkategorier: Känslomässig erfarenhet, Upplevelser av stöd och Behov av diabetesutbildningsprogram. Subkategorier: Rädsla och frustration, Hopplöshet, Acceptans och socialt stöd, Attityder till hälso-sjukvård teamet, Brist på kunskap om T2D och Upplevelser av låg self-efficacy.

Slutsats: Litteraturstudien har visat att patienter har olika upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 2 och att det behövs en mer individanpassad diabetesvård. Sjuksköterskan bör också bemöta patienten utifrån en helhetssyn genom att fokusera på hela person och inte bara på sjukdomen.

Implikationer: Vidare forskning rekommenderas med avseende att främja livskvalitet hos äldre patienter som drabbas av diabetes typ 2.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
elderly patients, experiences, self-care, type 2 diabetes
Keywords [sv]
diabetes typ 2, egenvård, upplevelser, äldre patienter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4195OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-4195DiVA, id: diva2:1630462
Educational program
Undergraduate Nursing Program
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-01-20 Created: 2022-01-20 Last updated: 2022-01-24Bibliographically approved

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