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Kvinnors erfarenheter av det dagliga livet efter bröstcancerbehandling: En litteraturstudie
Swedish Red Cross University.
Swedish Red Cross University.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women´s experiences of daily life after breast cancer treatment : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Idag är bröstcancer den vanligaste cancerformen bland kvinnor och utgör cirka 30 procent av all cancer hos kvinnor. Genom tidig diagnostik och behandling överlever allt fler kvinnor sin bröstcancer, vilket ställer höga krav på omvårdnad och rehabilitering. Bröstcancer och dess behandling kan påverka kvinnors upplevda hälsa.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva kvinnors erfarenheter av det dagliga livet efter bröstcancerbehandling.

Metod: En litteraturstudie enligt Polit och Becks niostegsmodell. Utifrån två databaser resulterade sökningen i 12 originalartiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Artiklarna har analyserats med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Tre kategorier framkom. Den första kategorin är “Kroppsliga förändringar utmanar kvinnans egenmakt” med tre underkategorier. Den andra kategorin är “Förlorad egenkontroll i det sociala livet” följt av tre underkategorier. Den tredje kategorin är “Känslornas inverkan på hälsosituationen” och består av två underkategorier.

Slutsatser: Tiden efter bröstcancerbehandling innebär en stor påfrestning psykiskt, fysiskt och socialt, vilket leder till begräsningar i vardagen. För att främja kvinnors hälsa och egenmakt bör hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal sträva efter att tillgodose individanpassad information som beaktar individens informationsbehov och personliga kunskapsnivå.

Abstract [en]

Background: Today, breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women and accounts for approximately 30 percent of all cancers in women. Through early diagnosis and treatment, more women survive their breast cancer, which places high demands on care and rehabilitation. Breast cancer and its treatment can affect women's perceived health.

Purpose: The purpose of the literature study was to describe women's experiences of daily life after breast cancer treatment.

Method: A literature study according to Polit and Beck's nine-step model. Based on two databases, the search resulted in 12 original articles with a qualitative approach. The articles have been analyzed with a qualitative content analysis.

Results: Three categories emerged. The first category is "Body changes challenge women's empowerment" with three subcategories. The second category is “Lost self-control in social life” followed by three subcategories. The third category is "The impact of emotions on the health situation" and consists of two subcategories.

Conclusions: The time after breast cancer treatment means a great strain mentally, physically and socially, which leads to limitations in everyday life. In order to promote women's health and empowerment, healthcare professionals should strive to provide individually tailored information that considers the individual's information needs and personal level of knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Women, cancer survivors, experiences, everyday life, breast cancer, qualitative research.
Keywords [sv]
Kvinnor, canceröverlevare, erfarenheter, vardag, bröstcancer, kvalitativ forskning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4461OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-4461DiVA, id: diva2:1729935
Educational program
Undergraduate Nursing Program
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-01-25 Created: 2023-01-23 Last updated: 2023-01-25Bibliographically approved

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