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Development and Preliminary Validation of Refugee Trauma History Checklist (RTHC)-A Brief Checklist for Survey Studies
The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0970-0436
The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet / Swedish Red Cross Center for Persons Affected by War and Torture.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4842-1683
The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences. Swedish Red Cross Center for Persons Affected by War and Torture.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9836-5336
The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6138-6427
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2017 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, no 10, article id 1175Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A high proportion of refugees have been subjected to potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs), including torture. PTEs, and torture in particular, are powerful predictors of mental ill health. This paper reports the development and preliminary validation of a brief refugee trauma checklist applicable for survey studies.

METHODS: A pool of 232 items was generated based on pre-existing instruments. Conceptualization, item selection and item refinement was conducted based on existing literature and in collaboration with experts. Ten cognitive interviews using a Think Aloud Protocol (TAP) were performed in a clinical setting, and field testing of the proposed checklist was performed in a total sample of n = 137 asylum seekers from Syria.

RESULTS: The proposed refugee trauma history checklist (RTHC) consists of 2 × 8 items, concerning PTEs that occurred before and during the respondents' flight, respectively. Results show low item non-response and adequate psychometric properties Conclusion: RTHC is a usable tool for providing self-report data on refugee trauma history surveys of community samples. The core set of included events can be augmented and slight modifications can be applied to RTHC for use also in other refugee populations and settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 14, no 10, article id 1175
Keywords [en]
population study, refugees, self-report instrument, trauma, trauma checklist
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2450DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14101175PubMedID: 28976937OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2450DiVA, id: diva2:1147374
Funder
Swedish Red CrossForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07194Available from: 2017-10-05 Created: 2017-10-05 Last updated: 2018-03-29Bibliographically approved

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Sigvardsdotter, ErikaNilsson, HenrikMalm, AndreasTinghög, PetterGottvall, MariaSaboonchi, Fredrik

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