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Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av att vårda patienter med MRSA: En kvalitativ studie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses experience of caring for patients with MRSA : A qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND: Meticillinresistenta Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) är ett växande problem globalt. I Sverige är cirka 30 procent av befolkningen ovetandes bärare av MRSA. Bakterien kan ställa till problem när de kommer till antibiotikabehandling eftersom bakterien är resistent. Sjuksköterskor kan uppleva MRSA som skrämmande vilket leder till att patienten upplever stigmatisering.

SYFTE: Syftet med studien varatt beskriva sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att vårda patienter med MRSA.

METOD: En kvalitativ intervjustudie har genomförts. Datainsamlingen har bestått av semistrukturerade intervjuer och materialet från intervjuerna har analyserats med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

RESULTAT: Resultatet visar god kunskap om hur basala hygienrutiner används och hur stress påverkar sjuksköterskans arbete. Det framkommer även kunskap om hur de ska bemöta patienter med MRSA för att minska stigmatisering.

SLUTSATS: Erfarenheten av att vårda patienter med MRSA var individuellt hos sjuksköterskorna som deltog. En oro som fanns hos alla informanter var att de skulle bidra till smittspridning. Informanterna beskrev även att patientens upplevelse är viktig.

FÖRSLAG PÅ FORTSATT FORSKNING: Studien har utförts på en kirurgisk vårdavdelning. Det skulle därför vara intressant att göra en studie på andra vårdavdelningar för att jämföra sjuksköterskornas erfarenhet.

Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a growing global problem. In Sweden, about 30 percent of the population are unaware that they are carriers of MRSA. The bacteria can cause problems when it comes to treatment via antibiotics due to the fact the bacterium is resistant. Nurses may experience MRSA as frightening which can lead to patients feeling stigmatized.

AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe the nurse's experience of caring for patients with MRSA.

METHOD: A qualitative interview study was conducted, with data collection consisting of semi-structured interviews. The material from the interviews has been analysed with a qualitative content analysis.

RESULT: The result shows good knowledge of basic hygiene routines and how stress affect nurses work. They also show good knowledge about how to receive and care for patients with MRSA to reduce stigmatization.

CONCLUSION: All participating nurses had individual experiences when it came to caring for patients with MRSA. A concern that existed in all informants was that they would be contributing to the spread of infection. The informants also describe that the patient's experience is important.

PROPOSAL FOR CONTINUED RESEARCH:The study has been performed at a surgical care department. It would therefore be interesting for a study to be conducted in another care department to compare experience of the nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
disease distribution, hygiene routines, MRSA, nursing, nursing experience
Keywords [sv]
hygienrutiner, MRSA, omvårdnad, sjuksköterskors upplevelser, smittspridning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2567OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2567DiVA, id: diva2:1194779
Educational program
Undergraduate Nursing Program
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved

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