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Påverkas omvårdnaden när patienten har ett pågående substansberoende?
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Is the care affected when the patient has a substance abuse problem? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Droger har förekommit i olika syften så långt tillbaka i tiden människan kan minnas. Först under 1800-talet myntades begreppet missbruk. Statistik visar att en relativt stor del av Sveriges befolkning har ett substansberoende vilket resulterar i fler patienter med denna typ av problematik även inom slutenvård. Sjuksköterskors kompetens och kunskap måste utvecklas i takt med samhället och omvårdnadsbehoven som är i konstant skiftning. De etiska aspekterna i yrket och relationerna som uppstår kräver kontinuerlig handledning.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa eventuella brister i bemötande och kunskap gällande patienter med ett aktivt substansberoende inom somatisk heldygnsvård.

Metod: Allmän litteraturöversikt med systematiskt genomförande bestående av elva artiklar varav majoriteten var kvalitativa.

Resultat: Fyra teman identifierades: Förhållnings- och synsätt, Fördomar, Upptäcka substansberoende hos patienter och Ökad kunskap.

Slutsats: Mötet mellan en patient i ett aktivt substansberoende och den yrkesutövande sjuksköterska var problematisk i varierande grad. Kunskapsgapet var stort liksom behovet av fortlöpande handledning och utbildning.

Klinisk betydelse: Förhoppning att sjuksköterskor i klinisk praktik reflekterar över mötet med denna patientgrupp och söker kunskap för att nå en förbättring i omvårdnadsarbetet i stort.

Abstract [en]

Background: Illicit drugs have occurred in different forms for as long as mankind can remember. It was not until the 1800s that the concept of drug abuse was identified. Statistics have illustrated that substance abuse problems are relatively common in the Swedish population which leads to more patients with this type of problem who is in need of institutional care. Nurses’ competence and knowledge must be developed in line with the rest of society to be able to satisfy the need for care which is constantly changing. The ethical aspects within the profession as well as in the relationships between nurse and patient require continuous guidance.

Aim: The aim of the study was to illustrate eventual inadequacies in the meeting and knowledge regarding patients with a substance abuse problem within the institutional somatic care.

Method: A literature review with a systematic approach resulted in eleven articles, of which the majority were of a qualitative design.

Results: Four themes were identified: Approach and attitude, Prejudice, Discovering patients with substance abuse problems and More knowledge.

Conclusion: The meeting between a patient with a substance abuse problem and a licensed nurse posed varying forms of difficulty. The lack of knowledge was great and continuous guidance is necessary.

Clinical implications: The hope is that nurses in clinical practice will reflect on the meeting with a patient with a substance abuse problem and that they will seek the knowledge that is necessary in caring for patients with a substance abuse problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Attitudes, Institutional care, Nurse, Substance use
Keywords [sv]
Attityder, Sjuksköterska, Substansberoende, Sluten vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2598OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2598DiVA, id: diva2:1223678
Educational program
Undergraduate Nursing Program
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved

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