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Cribra orbitalia, sinusitis and linear enamel hypoplasia in Swedish Roman Iron Age adults and subadults
Stockholms universitet.
2012 (English)In: International journal of osteoarchaeology, ISSN 1047-482X, E-ISSN 1099-1212, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 387-397Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cranial skeletal lesions as well as linear enamel hypoplasias were investigated in an Early Iron Age (0–260 A.D.) population from Sweden. The analyses included the study of maxillary- and frontal sinusitis, cribra orbitalia and enamel hypoplasias in order to investigate nutritional and environmental related stress as well as possible relation to oral health. A majority of both subadult and adult individuals exhibited maxillary sinusitis as well as cribra orbitalia. In contrast, linear enamel hypoplasias were not frequently noted, although, the highest frequencies were found among the subadult individuals. In seven cases (12.7%) there was a clear correlation between a periapical lesions and maxillary sinusitis. A significant correlation between maxillary sinusitis and frontal sinusitis was found among adult individuals. Sixty-eight percent of the adults showed lesions in both these regions. The least common combination in adults was cribra orbitalia and enamel hypoplasias where 7.7% only exhibited lesions in both these regions. The significantly higher incidence of this combination among subadults at Smörkullen suggests that this may have been related to life threatening conditions. Overall, the result showed that the individuals at Smörkullen foremost suffered from upper respiratory diseases as well as nutritional deficiency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 22, no 4, p. 387-397
Keywords [en]
sinusitis, cribra orbitalia, linear enamel hypoplasia, periapical lesions, Early Iron Age, Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2771DOI: 10.1002/oa.1209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2771DiVA, id: diva2:1302393
Funder
Wallenberg FoundationsTorsten Söderbergs stiftelseRagnar Söderbergs stiftelseAvailable from: 2010-12-09 Created: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved

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Liebe-Harkort, Carola

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