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Upplevelser av cytostatikabehandling hos patienter med cancer: En allmän litteraturstudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of chemotherapy in patients with cancer : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer är en ledande dödsorsak och är en av de största hotande faktorerna för människors hälsa över hela världen. En av de vanligaste behandlingarna för cancer är cytostatika, cellhämmande läkemedel, som ger svåra biverkningar, vilka påverkar patientens dagliga liv.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva upplevelser av cytostatikabehandling hos patienter med cancer.

Metod: Metoden som användes var en allmän litteraturstudie baserat på tio vetenskapliga artiklar av kvalitativa data vilket analyserades med innehållsanalys.

Resultat: I resultatet framkom det tre teman och åtta kategorier. De tre teman var: upplevelsen av fysiska biverkningar, upplevelsen av psykiska biverkningar och delaktighet.

Slutsats: Resultaten visade att cytostatikabehandling och dess biverkningar påverkade patientens liv både fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt. Att få tillräcklig information från vårdpersonal hade en stor betydelse för patienten. Patienter med cancer upplevde många gånger svårigheter att hantera information och osäkerhet i samband med prognosen samt vid typen av tillgängliga behandlingar. Det förekom även att patientens livskvalitet påverkades negativt i samband med cytostatikabehandling.

Förslag på fortsatt forskning: Biverkningar till följd av cytostatikabehandling upplevs som ett stort problem för de flesta patienterna med cancer, då är det viktigt att vidare forskning kring dessa område görs.  

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer is a leading cause of death and is one of the biggest threatening factors for human health worldwide. One of the most common treatments for cancer is chemotherapy, cytostatic agents, which cause severe side effects, which affect the patient's daily life.

Aim: The aim was to describe experiences of chemotherapy in patients with cancer.

Method: The method used was a general literature study based on ten scientific articles of qualitative data which was analyzed with content analysis.

Result: In the result, three theme and eight categories emerged. The three themes were: the experience of physical side effects, the experience of psychological side effects and participation.

Conclusion: The results showed that chemotherapy and its side effects affected the patient's life, both physically, mentally and socially. Obtaining sufficient information from healthcare staff had a great impact on the patient. Patients with cancer often experienced difficulties in managing information and uncertainty in connection with the prognosis as well as the type of treatments available. It also occurred that the patient's quality of life was adversely affected in connection with chemotherapy.

Suggestions for continued research: Side effects due to chemotherapy are perceived as a major problem for most patients with cancer, then it is important that further research on these areas be done.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Cancer, Chemotherapy, Patient experience, Side effects
Keywords [sv]
Biverkningar, Cancer, Cytostatikabehandling, Patientens upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2943OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2943DiVA, id: diva2:1326222
Educational program
Undergraduate Nursing Program
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-17 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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