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Pain and pain management during induced abortions: a web-based exploratory study of recollections from previous patients
The Swedish Red Cross University College. Karolinska Institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2626-2335
Sophiahemmet University / Uppsala University.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIMS: To explore recollections of pain and pain management during induced abortions.

DESIGN: Mixed-methods exploratory study in Sweden.

METHODS: A web-based survey was distributed between October 2017 - July 2018 via Swedish discussion boards and social media. Open-ended questions were asked about recollection of pain and pain management, followed by self-report ratings. The survey was answered by 185 participants, responses analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

FINDINGS: Recollections of pain intensity illustrated considerable pain and a traumatic event, described in temporal aspects and likened to other painful conditions such as dysmenorrhea and childbirth. Recollections of pain management illustrated experiences of insufficient treatment of pain and dissatisfaction with pain management, including inefficient treatment and lack of professional attendance. Psychological aspects and consequences illustrated that participants related psychological distress to physical pain, felt unprepared for the physical pain and emphasized the importance of psychological support. Those who experienced intense pain described long-term psychological consequences, including fear of childbirth.

CONCLUSION: Physical pain and psychological distress can manifest as considerable challenges during induced abortion. Abortion-related pain is a multidimensional phenomenon involving physical and psychological components that needs to be rigorously treated. When physical pain is unsuccessfully treated, women may experience long-term psychological consequences after an abortion.

IMPACT: The results illustrate the importance of holistic abortion care where the multidimensional components of abortion-related pain are considered. Patients need to be offered sufficient preparatory information about potential physical pain and psychological distress. This study indicates that there is room for improvement in pain management. Larger studies are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2019.
Keywords [en]
induced abortion, midwifery, nursing, pain, pain management
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2999DOI: 10.1111/jan.14132PubMedID: 31237008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2999DiVA, id: diva2:1331908
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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Georgsson, Susanne

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