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Patienters erfarenhet av interaktion med sjuksköterskan inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Mental disorders area major public health problem in Sweden and around the world. Despite this mental disordersremains associated with stigma and marginalization. Individuals suffering from mental illness find themselves in a vulnerable situation and in addition to this they are to a larger extent subject to somatic diseases thaninthe rest of the population. More knowledge is needed around the psychiatric patients experiences of care. Aim: The aim was to describe the psychiatric patients experiencesof interaction with the nursein an inpatient setting. Method: The method used was a general literature review consisting of 10 scientific qualitative articleson which a thematic analysis was conducted. Result: Two main themes were identified: See me as a human and communication. Results show that the psychiatric patient in an inpatient setting requests more interaction and communication with the nurse. The patients often experience feelings of exclusion from their own care. The small gestures of kindness and care that are described to a large extent contribute to feelings of wellbeing. Conclusion: The psychiatric patient could be considered the most vulnerable and exposed. In caring for these patients the importance of empathy, warmth, respect and a genuine interest is essential. In the study presented the patients requested interaction with the nurse consisting of every day small talk. However the conversations primarily seemed to be comprised of the filling out of questionnaires and evaluating conversations. Proposals for further research: During the work process the authors learnt that evidence does exist on the subject matter. However questions were raised whether this knowledge is incorporated in clinical practice especially considering the amount of patients in the studies that testified on the same deficiencies within the care provided and despite the research being conducted for a relatively long period of time.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa är ett omfattande folkhälsoproblem både i Sverige och globalt. Trots detta är psykisk sjukdom än idag förknippat med stigmatisering och utanförskap. Individer med psykisk sjukdom befinner sig redan i en sårbar situation och lider dessutom av somatiska sjukdomar i högre utsträckning jämfört med den övriga populationen. Det behövs mer kunskap kring den psykiatriska patientens upplevelse av sin vårdsituation. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att beskriva patienters erfarenhet av interaktion med sjuksköterskan inom den psykiatriska heldygnsvården. Metod: Metoden som använts är en allmän litteraturstudie bestående av 10 kvalitativa artiklar. På dessa artiklars resultatdel utfördes en tematisk analys. Resultat: Två huvudteman identifierades: Se mig som en människa och Kommunikation. Resultatet visar att den psykiatriska patienten inom heldygnsvård efterfrågar mer interaktion och samtal med sjuksköterskan. Patienten känner sig ofta exkluderad från sin egen vård. De små gesterna av vänlighet och omtanke beskrivs bidra starkt till välbefinnandet. Slutsats: Den psykiskt sjuka patienten tillhör den kanske mest sårbara och utsatta. I mötet med denna patientgrupp blir vikten av empati, värme, respekt och ett genuint intresse för vem det är man möter essentiellt. I föreliggande studie framkommer patientens önskan om interaktion med sjuksköterskan i form av vardagliga samtal, medan det som erbjuds dem upplevdes vara ifyllandet av formulär och formella konversationer. Förslag på fortsatt forskning: Under arbetsprocessen erfors att forskning inom området ej saknas. Dock väcktes frågor kring huruvida kunskapen verkligen införlivas i klinisk verksamhet då så många deltagare vittnade om samma brister inom omvårdnaden trots att forskningen bedrivits under en relativt lång tid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
communication, experience, inpatient care, interaction, psychiatric patient, treatment
Keywords [sv]
bemötande, erfarenhet, heldygnsvård, interaktion, psykiatripatient, samtal
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-4040DiVA, id: diva2:1561193
Educational program
Undergraduate Nursing Program
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-06-08 Created: 2021-06-06 Last updated: 2021-06-08Bibliographically approved

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