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Språkbarriärer i vården: Migranters utmaningar till att uppnå god hälsa - En litteraturöversikt
Swedish Red Cross University.
Swedish Red Cross University.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Language barriers in health care : Migrants’ challenge in achieving good health – A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Migranter som söker vård uppger ibland en lägre självskattad hälsa än personer från Sverige. Forskning visar också att ökad migration leder till att fler som inte kan det lokala språket söker vård i värdlandet. Förmågan att lyssna är av mycket stor betydelse för alla som jobbar inom vården, sjuksköterskan behöver kunna lyssna och förstå patientens berättelse om hens unika situation, symtom och upplevelser. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva migranters erfarenheter av språkbarriärer i mötet med vårdpersonal. Metod: Litteraturöversikt baserat på kvalitativa studier, som valdes utefter syftet. Denna studie följer Polit och Becks modell för litteraturöversikter, som följer nio steg. Resultat: Studien resulterade i två kategorier, Utmaningar i vårdrelationen och Utmaningar i att få stöd till att uppnå optimal hälsa, samt fyra subkategorier: Kommunikation genom professionell tolk, Kommunikation genom informell tolk, Att möta organisatoriska hinder och Att inte kunna förmedla sina omvårdnads- och hälsobehov. Slutsats: Att vara migrant och uppleva språkbarriärer i mötet med vårdpersonal kommer med många utmaningar och besvärande situationer. Det har visat sig att migranter har svårt att tillgodose sig hälso- och sjukvårdens tjänster och användningen av tolk kan innebära problem, det kan anses jobbigt att behöva dela personlig information via en tredje part. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Increasing migration leads to more people that don't speak the local language seeking health care in the host country. Migrants from Iraq, for example, have a lower self-estimated health than people from Sweden. The ability to listen is of great importance to everyone who works in health care, nurses need to listen to the patient's narrative about his/her unique situation, symptoms and experience. Adequate communication also has to do with the nurses tutoring and information about the patients’ health issues, medication, or treatment. Prerequisites for good nursing mean, among other things, that the nurse must establish a trusting relationship with the patient and his or her relatives and have the competence to perform nursing measures. Aim: The aim of the study is to describe migrants' experiences of language barriers in the meeting with health care professionals. Method: Literature review based on qualitative studies, which were chosen according to the aim. This study follows Polit and Beck's model for literature studies, which follows nine steps. Result: The study resulted in two categories, Challenges in the care relationship and Challenges in receiving support to achieve optimal health, as well as four subcategories: Communication through a professional interpreter, Communication through an informal interpreter, Meeting organizational barriers and Not being able to communicate their nursing and health needs. Conclusion: Being a migrant and experience language barriers when being in contact with health care professionals comes with many challenges and troublesome situations. It has been shown that migrants have difficulties using health care services and the use of translator can be problematic since many find it difficult to share private information through a third part. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Migrant, Language Barrier, Experience, Health Care, Care Relationship
Keywords [sv]
Migrant, Språkbarriär, Erfarenheter, Sjukvård, Vårdrelation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-4300OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-4300DiVA, id: diva2:1667145
Educational program
Undergraduate Nursing Program
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-06-10 Created: 2022-06-09 Last updated: 2022-06-10Bibliographically approved

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