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Barn som behöver MIG: (Mobil intensivvårdsgrupp)
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Införandet av en mobil intensivvårdsgrupp (MIG) har visat sig ha goda resultat utomlands med minskade andningsstopp och mortalitet inom pediatrisk vård. Vid Astrid Lindgrens Barnsjukhus i Solna, Sverige (ALB) finns långt framskridna planer på att starta en MIG-verksamhet. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva pediatriska patienter som faller in under potentiella MIG-kriterier innan inläggning på barnintensivvårdsavdelningen/barnintermediäravdelningen (BIVA/BIMA) på ALB. Studien gjordes retrospektivt genom journalgranskning av inskrivna pediatriska patienter på BIVA/BIMA under 2009. Totalt inkluderades 148 pediatriska patienter i åldern 0-18 år i studien. Resultat visade att Andningsbesvär var den vanligaste inskrivningsorsaken och att Andning var den vanligast förekommande kontaktorsaken. Provtagning var den mest förekommande åtgärden som utfördes på akutmottagningen/vårdavdelningen innan förflyttning till BIVA/BIMA. Slutsatsen blev att det skulle kunna finnas cirka 300 pediatriska patienter per år på ALB som skulle kunna vara aktuella för MIG-uppdrag. Det är en klar indikation för att starta en MIG-verksamhet på ALB för att minska inläggningar på BIVA/BIMA samt identifiera dessa pediatriska patienter i ett tidigt skede innan akut försämring.

Abstract [en]

The implementation of Pediatric Medical Emergency Team (PMET) has proven to reduce respiratory arrest and mortality in Pediatric hospitals worldwide. At Astrid Lindgrens Barnsjukhus in Solna, Sweden (ALB) there are advanced plans to start a PMET. The aim of this study was to describe pediatric patients that met potential PMET-criteria before being admitted to pediatric intensive care unit/high demand unit (PICU/HDU) at ALB. The study was a retrospective chart review of admitted pediatric patients at PICU/HDU during 2009. Totally 148 pediatric patients between the age of 0 to 18 years were included in the study. The result showed that respiratory problems were the most common reason for being admitted to the hospital and problems with breathing was the most frequent PMET-criteria. Before the patient moved to the PICU/HDU the most common intervention performed in the emergency department/wards was sample-taking. The conclusion was that around 300 pediatric patients a year could benefit from a PMET at ALB. That is a clear indication that a PMET should be started at ALB to reduce admitted patients to PICU/HDU and identify the patients at risk for acute worsening.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Medical emergency team (MET), Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), pediatric patients
Keyword [sv]
Barnintensivvårdsavdelning (BIVA), Mobil intensivvårdsgrupp (MIG), pediatriska patienter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-32OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-32DiVA: diva2:399271
Educational program
Postgraduate Program in Specialist Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2011-02-21 Created: 2011-02-21 Last updated: 2017-07-07Bibliographically approved

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