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The use of traditional medicine as alleviation of pain, nausea and anxiety during the perioperative phase
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Pain, nausea and anxiety are well known undesirable effects in the perioperative phase. These effects cause a great deal of suffering and discomfort for the patients. Drug therapy is the most commonly used treatment to pain, nausea and anxiety. Aim: The aim of the observational study is to describe the use of traditional medicine as alleviation of pain, nausea, and anxiety during the perioperative phase and how Thai health care providers use traditional medicine during the perioperative phase. Literature review was used as a method to answer the intensifying question; if massage alleviates postoperative pain. Method: Structured observations were performed on The King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. The methods used, were structured observations and a literature review. The nine quantitative articles, corresponding towards the intensifying question were analyzed with modified quality assessment models. The literature search was done in the databases of Cinahl, Medline, Amed, Science Direct and SveMed+. Result: There were no observations made of traditional medicine being used in the perioperative phase at The King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok. Of the nine articles, one used mechanical massage, five of massage therapy, one of Swedish massage and two of the articles used foot- and hand massage. Seven of the studies showed positive results and two of the articles showed no effect on postoperative pain. Conclusion: No observations were made that the Thai health providers, at The King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, were using traditional medicine in the perioperative phase. The majority of the reviewed articles showed that massage has a positive effect on postoperative pain. 

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Smärta, illamående och oro är välkända och oönskade effekter i den perioperativa fasen, vilket orsakar lidande och obehag hos patienter. Läkemedelsbehandling är idag den vanligaste metoden för att minska besvär som smärta, illamående och oro. Syfte: Syftet med observationsstudien var att beskriva hur traditionell medicin används som lindring för smärta, illamående och oro i den perioperativa fasen, samt hur thailändsk sjukvårdspersonal använder sig av traditionell medicin i den perioperativa fasen. Litteratur genomgång användes som metod till att besvara fördjupningsfrågan; om massage lindrar postoperativ smärta. Metod: Strukturerade observationer utfördes på The King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital i Bangkok, Thailand. Till litteraturgenomgången användes nio kvantitativa artiklar som svarade mot fördjupningsfrågan och analyserades med modifierade kvalitetsbedömningsmallar. Litteratursökningen genomfördes i databaserna Cinahl, Medline, Amed, Science Direct och SveMed+. Resultat: På The King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, kunde inga observationer bekräfta användandet av traditionell medicin i den perioperativa fasen. Av de nio artiklar som användes, använde sig en av mekanisk massage, fem av massage terapi, en av svensk massage samt två stycken av fot- och hand massage. Av studierna visade sju stycken ha positiv effekt på postoperativ smärta och två av artiklarna visade på ingen effekt. Slutsats: Inga observationer bekräftade att thailändsk hälsopersonal, på The King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, använder sig av traditionell medicin i den perioperativa fasen. Majoriteten av de granskade artiklarna visade på att massage har en positiv effekt på postoperativ smärta. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
massage, pain, postoperative, traditional medicine, postoperative care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-155OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-155DiVA: diva2:434062
Educational program
Postgraduate Program in Specialist Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2011-08-12 Created: 2011-08-12 Last updated: 2017-07-07Bibliographically approved

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