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Hur sjuksköterskor involverar närstående i beroendevården
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Idag är alkohol- och drogmissbruk ett av våra största samhällsproblem. Ett missbruk är en sjukdom med överväldigande konsekvenser för missbrukaren men även dess närstående. Socialt stöd från närstående kan minska risken för återfall och gynna behandlingskontinuitet hos personer med missbruk eller beroendeproblem. Syfte: Att belysa hur sjuksköterskan involverar närstående i omvårdnaden av missbrukare. Design: Fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med sjuksköterskor verksamma inom beroendevården utfördes för att belysa deras upplevelser av hur närstående involveras i vården av missbrukare. Resultat: Tre teman kunde utläsas varav ett av dessa fick tre underteman. Dessa var Hinder för involvering (underteman: Besöksförbud, Sekretess och Brist på resurser), Relationer och närstående och Fungerande involvering. Resultatet visade att involvering av närstående fungerade till viss del men att de flesta fynden fanns under temat Hinder för involvering. Samtidigt som viljan att involvera närstående fanns så begränsades sjuksköterskorna av olika hinder. Slutsats: Samtliga sjuksköterskor ansåg att närstående kan ha en viktig del i vården av missbrukare men fann det svårt att involvera dem så ofta som de önskade. De främsta anledningarna till detta var besöksförbudet på avdelningarna, sekretess och brist på resurser. Med bättre förutsättningar och tydligare rutiner på avdelningarna borde sjuksköterskorna på ett bättre sätt kunna involvera närstående i omvårdnaden av missbrukare. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Today, alcohol and drug abuse is one of our biggest social problems. An addiction is a disease with overwhelming consequences for the addict but also its significant others. Social support from people important to the addict can reduce the risk of relapse and promote continuity of treatment in people with substance abuse and dependence problems. Purpose: To illustrate how the nurse involves significant others in the care of addicts. Design: Four semi-structured interviews with nurses working in addiction treatment was performed to illuminate their experience of how significant others are involved in the care of addicts. Results: Three themes could be seen and one of those had three sub-themes. These were Barriers to involvement (sub-themes: Restraining order, Secrecy and Lack of resources), Relationships and significant others and Functional involvement. The results showed that the involvement of significant others was functioning to a certain level but most of the findings could be found under the theme Barriers for involvement. While the desire to involve significant others were there the nurses where limited by various obstacles. Conclusion: All the nurses believed that significant others may have an important part in the care of addicts but found it difficult to involve them as often as they wished. The main reasons for this was the restraining orders of the department, secrecy and lack of resources. With better conditions and clearer routines of the department nurses should be better able to involve significant others in the care of addicts. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
significant others, involving, addicts, care of addicts, nurses
Keyword [sv]
närstående, involvering, missbrukare, beroendevård, sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-162OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-162DiVA: diva2:437864
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2011-08-30 Created: 2011-08-30 Last updated: 2015-07-16Bibliographically approved

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