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Basala hygienrutiner vid sårbehandling vid ett sjukhus i Tanzania: en observationsstudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Vårdrelaterade infektioner kan leda till sjuklighet och för tidig död och påverkar många människor, inte bara individen själv utan även dennes familj och samhället i stort. Vårdrelaterade infektioner drabbar både patienter och sjukvårdspersonal. Med goda basala hygienrutiner och medvetenhet om hur infektioner sprids kan många fall förebyggas och mycket lidande förhindras. Denna studies syfte var att beskriva basala hygienrutiner vid sårbehandling på en avdelning vid ett sjukhus i norra Tanzania. Studien hade en kvalitativ och en kvantitativ ansats där det kvalitativa datamaterialet har bearbetats med innehållsanalys och det kvantitativa datamaterialet har redovisats med deskriptiv statistik. Innehållsanalysen resulterade i kategorierna Kontaminering av omgivning/material, smutsig rutin och ren rutin. Slutsatsen visade att de basala hygienrutinerna brast vilket kan öka risken för vårdrelaterade infektioner samt att basala hygienrutiner inte tycks vara väl implementerade på avdelningen. 

Abstract [en]

Health care-associated infections can lead to morbidity and premature death and affect many people, not only the individual himself/herself but also his/her family and the society at large. Health care-associated infections affects both patients and healthcare staff. With good basic hygiene and awareness of how infection spread many cases can be prevented and much suffering be avoided. The aim of this study was to describe the basic hygiene routines of wound care at a ward at a hospital in northern Tanzania. The study had a qualitative and a quantitative approach in which the qualitative data material was processed with content analysis and the quantitative data material was presented with descriptive statistics. Content analysis resulted in the categories contamination of the environment/materials, dirty routine and clean routine. The conclusion showed that the basic hygiene routines were rarely performed properly which increased the risk of healthcare associated infections and that basic hygiene routines did not seem to be well implemented on the ward. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
health care-associated infections, basic hygiene, content analysis, descriptive statistics, Tanzania
Keyword [sv]
vårdrelaterade infektioner, basala hygienrutiner, innehållsanalys, deskriptiv statistik, Tanzania
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-190OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-190DiVA: diva2:458331
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2011-11-22 Created: 2011-11-22 Last updated: 2015-07-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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