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Barns hantering av postoperativ smärta
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Underbehandlad smärta hos barn har länge varit ett problem inom pediatriken och inte minst postoperativ smärta. Trots att kunskapen om barn och smärta har ökat lider fortfarande onödigt många barn av postoperativ smärta. Barn upplever smärta som något obehagligt och det är ofta förknippat med rädsla. Hur barn hanterar smärta påverkar deras emotionella tillstånd och välbefinnande flera dagar efter en operation. Syfte: Att belysa barns sätt att hantera postoperativ smärta. Metod: En allmänt beskrivande litteraturstudie baserad på tio kvalitativa artiklar. Resultat: Sju olika fenomen med tillhörande teman identifierades. Fenomenen var: Distansering, Socialt stöd, Flykt/undvikande, Självkontroll, Konfrontation, Positiv omvärdering och Planerad problemlösning. Slutsats: Barn har förmågan att utveckla och använda sig av en mängd olika strategier i hanteringen av sin postoperativa smärta. De vanligaste strategierna var; distraktion, anpassning, stillhet, hjälpsökande, närhet och förtäring.

Abstract [en]

Background: Under-treated pain in children has been a problem in pediatrics for a long time, and not the least postoperative pain. Despite that the knowledge about children and pain has increased an unnecessarily amount of children still suffer of postoperative pain. Children experience pain as something unpleasant and it is often related to fear. How children manage pain affects their emotional state and well-being for several days after surgery. Aim: To highlight the child's way of managing postoperative pain. Method: A general descriptive literature study based on ten qualitative articles. Results: Seven different phenomena with related themes were identified. The phenomena were; Distancing, Social support, Escape-avoidance, Self-control, Confrontation, Positive reappraisal and Planful problem-solving. Conclusion: Children have the ability to develop and use a variety of strategies in the management of their postoperative pain. The most common strategies were; Distraction, Adaptation, Stillness, Seeking help, Closeness and Consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, Pain, Postoperative, Coping, Experience
Keyword [sv]
Barn, Smärta, Postoperativ, Coping, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-233OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-233DiVA: diva2:512425
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2012-03-27 Created: 2012-03-27 Last updated: 2015-07-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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