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Äldres personers upplevelser av ensamhet: En litteraturstudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Elderly people's experiences of loneliness : A Literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Åldrandet innebär naturliga biologiska, sociala och psykologiska förändringar, andelen äldre i samhället beräknas öka och äldre upplever ett lägre socialt deltagande kontra resten av befolkningen. Ensamhet beskrivs som en obehaglig eller oacceptabel avsaknad av relationer och involverar hur en person uppfattar, upplever och utvärderar den avsaknaden. Hälsoproblem och upplevelsen av livskvalitet är knutet till ensamhet. Ingen konsensus om fenomenet ensamhet finns inom vårdvetenskapen. Sjuksköterskan har viktig roll att upptäcka, motverka och förebygga ensamheten, därför behövs mer kunskap om fenomenet. Syfte: Att belysa äldre människors upplevelser av ensamhet. Metod: en litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats baserad på tio original artiklar med kvalitativ eller mixed-metod ansats. Resultat: Upplevelserna av ensamhet speglas i de fyra teman som analysen visade: ensamhet relaterat till förlust av relationer, den abstrakta ensamheten, den hanterbara ensamheten och den positiva ensamheten. Slutsats: Ensamheten hos äldre är ett fenomen som involverar hela människans livsvärld och upplevs ha positiva och negativa sidor. Tillgänglighet till relationer samt tankar och känslor kring dessa har en central betydelse i upplevelsen av ensamhet. Ensamheten sågs som hanterbar och förutsägbar, men samtidigt som någonting stigmatiserat som upplevdes svårt att prata om. Den positiva ensamheten sågs som självvald. I denna kunde tid för reflektion och eftertanke ges och människor kunde uppleva relationer till sig själv eller abstrakta ting.

Abstract [en]

Background: Aging involves natural biological, social and psychological changes, the amount of elderly people in society is expected to rise and elderly people experience a lower amount of social participation than the rest of the population. Loneliness is described as an unpleasant or inadmissible lack of relationships and involves how a person perceives, experiences and evaluates this lack of relationships. Health problems and perceived quality of life are tied to loneliness. Consensus on the phenomenon of loneliness does not exist in the nursing sciences. The nurse plays an important role in detecting, deterring and preventing loneliness; therefore more knowledge of the phenomenon is needed. Aim: To illuminate the lived experience of elderly people. Method: A literature review with a qualitative approach based on ten original articles with either a qualitative or mixed-method approach. Results: Four themes emerged that illuminate the experience of loneliness in elderly people: Loneliness related to the loss of relationships, the abstract loneliness, the manageable loneliness and the positive loneliness. Conclusion: Loneliness in the elderly is a phenomenon that involves the whole human being and his life world and is seen to contain both positive and negative sides. The availability of relationships along with thoughts and feelings surrounding these are seen to be central in the experience of loneliness. Loneliness was seen as manageable and predictable, but at the same time as stigmatized and was difficult to talk about. The positive loneliness was seen as something chosen. There was time for reflection and thought, and people were able to experience relationships with themselves or abstract things.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Elderly, Loneliness, Experience, Relationships
Keyword [sv]
Äldre, Ensamhet, Upplevelse, Relationer
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-254DiVA: diva2:524598
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2012-05-03 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2015-07-16Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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