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Latent or manifest observers: two dichotomous approaches of surveillance in mental health nursing
School of Health and Social Sciences, Dalarna University; School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University; Department of Acute Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål Hospital.
School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0335-3472
2011 (English)In: Nursing Research and Practice, ISSN 2090-1429, E-ISSN 2090-1437, 254041- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Surveillance is a central activity among mental health nursing, but it is also questioned for its therapeutic value and considered to be custodial. Aim. The aim of this study was to describe how mental health nurses use different approaches to observe patients in relation to the practice of surveillance in psychiatric nursing care. Methods. In this study, Spradley's twelve-step ethnographic method was used. Results. Mental health nurses use their cultural knowing to observe patients in psychiatric care in various ways. Two dichotomous approaches were identified: the latent and the manifest approach. Discussion. Different strategies and techniques for observing patients are structured along two dichotomies. The underlying relationships between these two different dichotomous positions transform the act of observing into surveillance. This is further developed in a theoretical model called the powerful scheme of observation and surveillance (PSOS).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2011. 254041- p.
Keyword [en]
Psychiatric nursing, ethnography; observation; Mental health
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-319DOI: 10.1155/2011/254041PubMedID: 21994817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-319DiVA: diva2:549372
Available from: 2012-09-04 Created: 2012-09-04 Last updated: 2017-05-23Bibliographically approved

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