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Validation of Karolinska Exhaustion Scale: psychometric properties of a measure of exhaustion syndrome
Red Cross University College of Nursing. Stress Research Institute, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.
Stress Research Institute, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.
Stress Research Institute, University of Stockholm, Stockholm.
2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, no 4, 1010-1017 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The syndrome of exhaustion is currently a medical diagnosis in Sweden. The description of the syndrome largely corresponds to the suggested core component of burnout, that is exhaustion. Karolinska Exhaustion Scale (KES) has been constructed to provide specific assessment of exhaustion in clinical and research settings.

Aim

The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of this scale in its original and revised versions by examining the factorial structure and measures of convergent and discriminant validity.

Methods

Data gathered from two independent samples (n1 = 358 & n2 = 403) consisting of patients diagnosed with ‘reaction to severe stress, and adjustment disorder’ were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. The study's instruments were Karolinska Exhaustion Scale and Shirom Melam Burnout Measure. Correlation analyses were employed to follow up the established factorial structure of the scale. The study was ethically approved by Karolinska Institute regional ethic committee.

Results

The findings demonstrated adequate fit of the data to the measurement model provided by the revised version of KES Limitations: The main limitation of the present study is the lack of a gold standard of exhaustion for direct comparison with KES. (KES-26) and partially supported convergent validity and discriminant validity of the scale.

Conclusion

The demonstrated psychometric properties of KES-26 indicate sound construct validity for this scale encouraging use of this scale in assessment of exhaustion. The factorial structure of KES-26 may also be used to provide information concerning possible different clinical profiles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. Vol. 27, no 4, 1010-1017 p.
Keyword [en]
clinical burnout, assessment, confirmatory factor analysis, syndrome of exhaustion, disturbed sleep
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-503DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2012.01089.xPubMedID: 23057599OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-503DiVA: diva2:606650
Available from: 2013-02-20 Created: 2013-02-20 Last updated: 2014-11-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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