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Sjukvårdspersonals erfarenheterav att vårda patienter med obesitas: En litteraturstudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Health care professionals’ experiences of caring patients with obesity : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Obesitas har ökat med nästan 50 procent sedan 1980 och idag lever uppskattningsvis 500 miljoner vuxna människor med obesitas. Enligt forskning i västvärlden råder negativa uppfattningar om människor med obesitas vilket kan leda till diskriminering och stigmatisering. I vården behöver patienter med obesitas ofta mer omvårdnad än normalviktiga samt utrustning som är anpassad för deras storlek.

Syfte: Att beskriva vilka erfarenheter sjukvårdspersonal har av att vårda patienter med obesitas.

Metod: En litteraturstudie av 11 studier med kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats.

Resultat: Fyra teman framkom i resultatet. Ansvar, Kunskap om obesitasbehandling, Attityder och Omvårdnad. Samtlig sjukvårdspersonal är överens om att obesitas ska behandlas och att de har ett ansvar att hjälpa patienterna. Mer kunskap gav sjukvårdspersonalen mer självförtroende att ge viktminskningsråd. De blir frustrerade och mindre optimistiska att hjälpa till när patienterna misslyckas med att gå ner i vikt. Familjen ansågs som ett viktigt stöd för att patienter ska lyckas med sin viktminskning.

Slutsats: Sjukvårdspersonal värderade kunskap om att behandla obesitas högt och mer kunskap ledde till färre negativa attityder mot patienter med obesitas.

Klinisk betydelse: Att beskriva hur sjukvårdspersonal ser på patienter med obesitas och vilka erfarenheter de har av vården med dem, kan medvetandegöra attityder, vilket kan leda till ett bättre bemötande. Färre negativa attityder kan ge en bättre atmosfär i vården.

Abstract [en]

Background: Obesity has increased by nearly 50 percent since 1980 and today there is an estimated 500 million adults living with obesity. According to research in the western society, people hold negative perceptions about obesity which can lead to discrimination and stigmatization. In health care, patients with obesity often need more care than normal-weight patients and special health care equipment is needed to equip larger sizes.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe health care professionals’ experiences of caring patients with obesity.

Method: A literature review of 11 studies of qualitative and quantitative approach.

Results: Four themes emerged from the results. Responsibility, Knowledge in treatment of obesity, Attitudes and Nursing. All health care professional agreed that obesity should be treated and that they have a responsibility to help the patients. More knowledge gave health care professionals better confidence when giving advice in reducing weight. Frustration also was experienced by health care professionals when patients failed to lose weight. The family was seen as an important support for patients to succeed with their weight loss.

Conclusion: Health care professional highly valued knowledge about treating obesity. Increased knowledge leads to less negative attitudes towards patients with obesity.

Clinical significance: To describe health care professionals’ attitudes towards patients with obesity and their experiences of care, may lead to higher awareness of their own attitudes, which can result in better treatment. Less negative attitudes might provide a better atmosphere in care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
obesity, experience, health care professional, attitudes
Keyword [sv]
obesitas, erfarenheter, sjukvårdspersonal, attityder
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-682DiVA: diva2:627612
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2013-06-12 Created: 2013-06-12 Last updated: 2015-07-17Bibliographically approved

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