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Development and validation of a new tool measuring nurses self-reported professional competence: The nurse professional competence (NPC) Scale
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, Science, and Technology, Karlstad University.
Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet.
Red Cross University College of Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2504-343X
School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University.
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2014 (English)In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 34, no 4, 574-580 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

To develop and validate a new tool intended for measuring self-reported professional competence among both nurse students prior to graduation and among practicing nurses. The new tool is based on formal competence requirements from the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare, which in turn are based on WHO guidelines.

Design

A methodological study including construction of a new scale and evaluation of its psychometric properties.

Participants and settings

1086 newly graduated nurse students from 11 universities/university colleges.

Results

The analyses resulted in a scale named the NPC (Nurse Professional Competence) Scale, consisting of 88 items and covering eight factors: “Nursing care”, “Value-based nursing care”, “Medical/technical care”, “Teaching/learning and support”, “Documentation and information technology”, “Legislation in nursing and safety planning”, “Leadership in and development of nursing care” and “Education and supervision of staff/students”. All factors achieved Cronbach's alpha values greater than 0.70. A second-order exploratory analysis resulted in two main themes: “Patient-related nursing” and “Nursing care organisation and development”. In addition, evidence of known-group validity for the NPC Scale was obtained.

Conclusions

The NPC Scale, which is based on national and international professional competence requirements for nurses, was comprehensively tested and showed satisfactory psychometrical properties. It can e.g. be used to evaluate the outcomes of nursing education programmes, to assess nurses' professional competences in relation to the needs in healthcare organisations, and to tailor introduction programmes for newly employed nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 34, no 4, 574-580 p.
Keyword [en]
nurses' competence, professional nursing, nursing education, nursing students, graduate nurses, quality of care, safety in healthcare, scale development, validation, psychometric properties
National Category
Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-720DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.07.016PubMedID: 23938092OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-720DiVA: diva2:650959
Available from: 2013-09-24 Created: 2013-09-24 Last updated: 2014-11-07Bibliographically approved

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