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När jag också får synas: En litteraturstudie om stödinsatser för syskon till barn med cancer
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
When I’m also visible : A literature review about supporting interventions for siblings of children with cancer (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Människor som inkluderas i varandras liv har stor påverkan på varandra. Varje gång ett barn insjuknar i cancer drabbas således hela barnets familj. Familjerelationer och vardagen blir turbulent jämfört med den trygghet familjen vanligtvis erbjuder och de friska syskonen hamnar ofta i skymundan. Syskonen drabbas, till följd av situationen, utav såväl somatiska som psykologiska problem och kan behöva hjälp av stödinsatser för att kunna ta sig igenom vardagen. Syfte: Att beskriva resultatet av stödinsatser som finns för syskon till cancersjuka barn. Metod: En litteraturstudie baserad på 10 vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ (2), kvantitativ (6) och mixad (2) ansats. Resultat: Effekter från tre typer av stödinsatser presenteras. Stödgrupper, syskonläger och individuella stödinsatser visar alla en signifikant minskning av ångestsymtom, PTSD, psykisk stress, depressiva symtom, rädsla och isolering. Stödinsatserna resulterade i ökad livskvalitet, självkänsla, självuppfattning och kunskap om sjukdomen. Syskonenen upplevde samhörighet med övriga grupp- och lägerdeltagare samt sin egen familj. Grupptillhörighet visade sig vara betydelsefull. Slutsats: Studien visar att stödinsatser har en positiv effekt på syskon till cancersjuka barn där ökad kunskap, sammanhållning och grupptillhörighet var bidragande faktorer. Resultatet speglar vikten av familjefokuserad omvårdnad. Klinisk betydelse: Sjuksköterskor har en viktig roll i den familjecentrerade vården. Sjuksköterskor bör kunna identifiera syskon som mår dåligt och rekommendera dem till lämpliga stödsatser.

Abstract [en]

Background: People who are included in each other's life, have a great influence on one another. Every time a child is diagnosed with cancer the child's whole family is affected. Family relationships and everyday life becomes turbulent compared to the security the family usually offers and the healthy siblings often end up neglected. Because of this, these siblings face both somatic and psychological problems and may need support to get through everyday life. Aim: To describe the outcome of supporting interventions available for siblings of children with cancer. Methods: A literature review based on 10 scientific articles with a qualitative (2), quantitative (6) and mixed (2) approach. Results: The outcome of three types of support interventions is presented. Support groups, sibling camps and individual support actions all show a significant decrease in anxiety symptoms, PTSD, mental stress, depressive symptoms, fear and isolation. These supportive interventions resulted in increased quality of life, self-esteem, self-perception and knowledge about the disease. Siblings experienced connectedness with the other group and camp participants and also with their own family. Group membership showed to be meaningful. Conclusion: The study shows that support interventions have a positive effect on siblings of children with cancer where knowledge, cohesion and group belonging were contributing factors. The result reflects the importance of family-focused nursing. Clinical Implications: Nurses have an important role in family-centered care. The nurse should identify siblings who feel bad and consequently recommend suitable support interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Childhood Neoplasms, Siblings, Intervention
Keyword [sv]
Barncancer, Syskon, Stödinsatser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-730OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-730DiVA: diva2:664982
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2015-07-20Bibliographically approved

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