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Sjuksköterskors kunskap och attityd relaterat till akut smärta
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses’ knowledge and attitudes regarding acute pain (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: En av de vanligaste orsakerna till att människor söker sig till sjukvården är smärta. Det är ett symptom vid många sjukdomar vilket påverkar patienternas livskvalitet. Upplevelsen av smärta är subjektiv och ska behandlas då otillräcklig smärtbehandling orsakar lidande hos patienten med potentiella skadliga fysiologiska och psykologiska konsekvenser. Sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll i hanteringen av patienternas smärtbehandling och deras främsta uppgift är att tillgodose patientens omvårdnadsbehov. Bedömning av smärta är väsentligt för att uppnå en god och effektiv smärtbehandling. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att utforska sjuksköterskors kunskap och attityd relaterat till akut smärta. Metod: Litteraturöversikt. Resultat: Sjuksköterskans kunskaper angående smärtbehandling är bristfällig. Det fanns rädslor och felaktiga uppfattningar kring opioider som begränsade användandet. Sjuksköterskan verkade i regel underskatta sanningshalten i patientens uppgivna smärta och tyckte att deras bedömning kring patientens smärta var mer riktig än patientens subjektiva upplevelse. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskornas kunskap om smärtbehandling var bristfällig. Sjuksköterskor gjorde en egen uppskattning av patientens smärta istället för att lyssna till patientens subjektiva upplevelse. Klinisk betydelse: Studien kan väcka tankar och funderingar hos sjuksköterskan eller sjuksköterskestudenten som får denne att reflektera över sin egen attityd och värderingar gentemot smärtbehandling. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskan är medveten om hur förhållningssätt påverkar bedömningen i omvårdnaden.

Abstract [en]

Background: One of the most common reasons why people seek health care is related to pain. Pain is a symptom of many diseases and it effects the quality of life for the patients. Experiencing pain is subjective and should be treated, insufficient treatment causes the patient suffering and that can lead to physiological and psychological consequences. The nurse has an important role in the management of the patients‟ pain treatment since it is their main assignment to nurse the patient. Assessment of pain is key to achieve good and effective pain treatment. Aim: The purpose of this study was to explore nurses´ knowledge and attitude related to acute pain. Method: Literature overview. Result: The nurses´ knowledge regarding pain management were inadequate The limited use of opiods was related to fear and faulty views. The nurses underestimated the truthfulness in the patients assessment. The attitude reflected that the nurses´ view of assessment was more accurate than the patients own subjective perception of pain. Conclusion: The overall picture of the results indicated that nurses' knowledge about pain relief was insufficient. There were fears and erroneous beliefs about opioids that limit their use. Perception of pain differed between the ideal picture from research and the applied clinical setting. Nurses seemed to be afraid of the side effects of opioids, and they were afraid that patients would develop an addiction. In general, the nurses´ attitude seemed to be that, in a clinical setting, the nurses´ professional assessment of a patient's perception was more reliable than the patient's expression of their perception of pain. Relevance to clinical practice: The study can enlighten the nurse or the nurse student and get them to reflect about their own attitude and values regarding pain treatment. It is important that nurses are aware that their approach effects their assessment in their nursing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
pain, attitude, knowledge, analgetics, nurses, literature overview
Keyword [sv]
smärta, attityd, kunskap, analgetika, sjuksköterska, litteraturöversikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-764OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-764DiVA: diva2:689962
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2014-01-22 Created: 2014-01-22 Last updated: 2015-07-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

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The Swedish Red Cross University College
Nursing

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