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Skolsjuksköterskans strategier i preventionsarbetet mot minderårigas alkoholkonsumtion
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The school nurse strategies in prevention against underage drinking (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Det finns flera bakomliggande orsaker till att unga konsumerar alkohol. Lagar och förordningar finns till för att hindra minderåriga från att bruka alkohol. Trots detta har ett högt antal minderåriga ett riskbeteende relaterat till användningen av alkohol och dessa individer respekterar inte lagen. Skolsjuksköterskan har en betydande roll i preventionsarbetet mot minderårigas alkoholkonsumtion och använder flera strategier för att främja barn och ungas hälsa.

Syfte: Att beskriva skolsjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande strategier mot minderårigas alkoholkonsumtion.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserat på tio kvalitativa studier.

Resultat: Två kategorier kunde urskiljas utifrån syftet: hälsosamtal och familjestrategier. Ur kategorin hälsosamtal urskiljs subkategorierna hälsoenkät och motiverande samtal. Dessa strategier har visat sig vara effektiva i det hälsofrämjande arbetet som skolsjuksköterskan utför. Ett bifynd presenteras i resultatet i form av hinder för de hälsofrämjande strategierna.

Slutsats: De hälsofrämjande strategierna som skolsjuksköterskan använder i preventionsarbetet mot minderårigas alkoholkonsumtion är gynnsamma för att individanpassa arbetet och motivera till beteendeförändring. Många sociala hinder samt hinder i organisationen står i vägen för preventionsarbetet.

Klinisk betydelse: Genom att studera skolsjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande strategier mot minderårigas alkoholkonsumtion åsyftar studien att kunna utveckla och uppmärksamma arbets-och preventionsstrategier. Detta för att skolsjuksköterskan ska kunna nå ut till de minderåriga som idag utvecklar ett riskbeteende relaterat till alkohol.

Abstract [en]

Background: There are several causes for the consumption of alcohol among young people. Laws and regulations aim to prevent minors from using alcohol. A high number of minors break the laws and have a risky lifestyle related to alcohol. The school nurse plays a significant role in this prevention and uses multiple strategies to promote children’s and young people’s health.

Objective: To describe the school nurse's health promotion strategies against underage drinking.

Method: A literature review based on ten qualitative articles.

Results: Two categories could be identified based on the aim: health dialogue and family strategies. From the category health dialogue two subcategories where acknowledged: health survey and motivational intervening. These strategies have proven to be effective in health promotion performed by the school nurse. An incidental finding is presented in the results as barriers to health promotion strategies.

Conclusion: The strategies that school nurses use as prevention to reduce alcohol drinking among minors is beneficial for individual targeting and to motivate behavioral change. Alcohol prevention from a school nurses perspective is challenging due to social and organizational obstacles.

Clinical significance: By studying the school nurse health promotion strategies against underage drinking the study refers to develop and recognize work and prevention strategies. This is because the school nurse should be able to reach out to minors that today develop a risk behavior related to alcohol.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
School Nurse, Health promotion strategies, Alcohol, Minors, Prevention
Keyword [sv]
Skolsjuksköterska, Hälsofrämjande strategier, Alkohol, Minderåriga, Prevention
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-795OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-795DiVA: diva2:710814
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-08 Last updated: 2015-07-20Bibliographically approved

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The Swedish Red Cross University College
Nursing

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