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Work and everyday activities: experiences from two interventions addressing people with common mental disorders.
Nyckeln Competence Centre for Pedagogic in Healthcare, Kalmar County Hospital; School of Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation, Jönköping.
Nyckeln Competence Centre for Pedagogic in Healthcare, Kalmar County Hospital; Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Caring Sciences and Society.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1515-0485
Unit for Research and Development, Kronoberg County Council, Växjö.
School of Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation, Jönköping.
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 21, no 4, 295-304 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Lengthy sick leave makes demands on work ability enhancing interventions in primary health care. Problem-based method (PBM) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) are interventions aimed at people with common mental disorders. This study aimed to describe how individuals experienced interventions and the impact the interventions had on the individuals' ability to work and perform other everyday activities.

METHOD: Fourteen women and two men, eight each from two interventions, were interviewed. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

RESULTS: The analysis revealed one overarching theme: "Reaching safe ground or continuing to seek help". Four categories were identified: "From being passive to making one's own efforts in the rehabilitation process", "Being stuck on a treadmill or daring to change", "Evolving from routine to more aware behaviour", and "Fitting in or not fitting in with workplace situations".

CONCLUSIONS: According to the participants, experiences from both PBM and CBT had a positive impact on their ability to work and perform other everyday activities in a more sustainable way. Reflecting on behaviour and achieving limiting strategies were perceived as helpful in both interventions, although varying abilities to incorporate strategies were described. In general, the results support the use of active coping-developing interventions rather than passive treatments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2014. Vol. 21, no 4, 295-304 p.
Keyword [en]
Anxiety; Cognitive behavioural therapy; Depression; Interview; Problem-based method; Qualitative content analysis; Sick leave; Stress; Swedish rehabilitation guarantee; Vocational rehabilitation
National Category
Health Sciences Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-954DOI: 10.3109/11038128.2014.894572PubMedID: 24666197OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-954DiVA: diva2:742708
Available from: 2014-09-02 Created: 2014-09-02 Last updated: 2015-10-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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