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Bibehållen position av endotrakealtub i munhålan: en kvantitativ deskriptiv tvärsnittsstudie
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Maintaining the position of the endotracheal tube in the mouth : a quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: På intensivvårdsavdelningar finns olika rutiner kring huruvida endotrakealtubens position hos intuberade skall skiftas eller bibehållas i samma mungipa, då sidbyten kan leda till allvarliga komplikationer. Rutinen vid CIVA har varit att byta endotrakealtubens position på alla intuberade patienter en gång per dygn. Varken rutinen med skifte samt bibehållen position har utvärderats. Syftet med studien är att undersöka oralt intuberade patienters munhälsa vid bibehållen position av endotrakealtub under vårdtiden. Metod: Studien är en kvantitativ deskriptiv tvärsnittsstudie. Ett protokoll utformades för att undersöka hur stor andel av patienterna som får tryckskador i munnen med bibehållen tublägesposition. Resultat: Av totalt 85 oralt intuberade patienter utvecklade 10 rodnad och 7 sår medan 68 hade helt intakt slemhinna. Flest nyupptäckta sår uppkom efter 3-4 dagars intubering medan rodnader var jämnt fördelat. Slutsats: Endast ett fåtal patienter utvecklade tryckskador. Rutinen att bibehålla endotrakealtuben i samma position lämpar sig på patientkategorin på CIVA eftersom medelvårdtiden för intuberade är 3,2 dagar och flertalet extuberas under de 3 första dagarna. Klinisk betydelse: Studien ligger till grund för CIVA:s ändrade rutin att bibehålla endotrakealtubspositionen i samma mungipa och skulle på sikt kunna bidra till att minska samhällskostnaderna genom att reducera förekomsten av VAP och därmed patientvårdtiden

Abstract [en]

Background: Intensive care units have different routines whether the endotracheal tube position should be shifted or maintained in the same corner of the mouth. Repositioning of the tube can lead to serious complications. The routine at CIVA has been to change the endotracheal tube position in all intubated patients once per day. None of the routines have been evaluated. The objective of this study is to examine the oral health of intubated patients with maintained tube position. Method: The study is a quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study. A protocol was designed to examine the proportion of patients receiving pressure sores in the mouth. Results: Of a total of 85 orally intubated patients, 10 developed redness and 7 wounds while 68 had intact mucosa. The majority of the newly discovered sores occurred after 3-4 days of intubation. Conclusion: Only a few patients developed pressure sores. The routine to maintain the endotracheal tube in the same position is suitable for the patient category at CIVA since the average length of stay for intubated is 3.2 days and the majority were extubated during the first 3 days . Clinical significance: This study is the basis for CIVA's changed routine to maintain the endotracheal tube position in the same corner of the mouth and could eventually help to reduce the costs for society by reducing the incidence of VAP and thus patient care period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Endotracheal tube, maintained position, intubation, oral care, VAP
Keyword [sv]
Endotrakealtub, bibehållen position, intubation, munvård, VAP
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1410OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-1410DiVA: diva2:784293
Subject / course
Magisterprogrammet i omvårdnad
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-29 Created: 2015-01-29 Last updated: 2015-01-29Bibliographically approved

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