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Health-care workers caring for children: The Early Childhood Development Program in La Paz, Bolivia
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

Background: Bolivia has a high child mortality rate and many children´s living conditions are inadequate. In order to reach the Millennium Development Goals non-governmental organizations play an important role when the governmental efforts are insufficient. ChildFund Bolivia works with the Early Childhood Development [ECD] program in order to reinforce the development, growth and health for children under the age of eight. Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate factors that affect the care given by health workers working with the ECD-program in the urban area of La Paz, Bolivia. Method: An empirical study with qualitative method was performed, using participant observations with an ethnographic approach. The data was analyzed through inductive content analysis where different themes were developed. Results: The results are presented in five themes, Creativity, Different needs, Environment, Continuity and Love and passion. All five themes showed sign of significant health promotion strategies that conform to Nola Pender´s Health Promotion Model. Conclusion: This study illuminates how ChildFund’s health workers in La Paz care for children through the globally used ECD-Program. This contributes to the shared global objective to reach the Millennium Development goals by enhancing children´s opportunity to grow and develop.  Health workers cared for the children with multiple strategies within the common method of the ECD-program. Implications for clinical practice: The outcome of this study might give people better knowledge about similarities and areas of diversity in pediatric nursing care worldwide, hence enjoy better knowledge in global nursing.

Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING

Bakgrund: Barnadödligheten i Bolivia är hög och många barns levnadsförhållanden är otillfredsställande.  För att nå Millenium målen spelar icke-statliga organisationer en viktig roll då de statliga insatserna är otillräckliga. ChildFund Bolivia arbetar med Early Childhood Development-programmet för att införliva utveckling, tillväxt och hälsa för barn under åtta års ålders. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa faktorer som påverkar hälsoarbetares omvårdnad då de arbetar med ECD-programmet i det urbana La Paz, Bolivia. Metod: En empirisk studie med kvalitativ metod har gjorts, baserad på deltagande observationer med en etnografisk ansats. Informationen analyserades med en induktiv innehållsanalys där olika teman arbetades fram. Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i fem teman: Kreativitet, Olika Behov, Miljö, Kontinuitet och Passion och Kärlek. Samtliga fem teman visade prov på betydande hälsofrämjande strategier som överensstämmer med Nola Penders hälsofrämjande model. Slutsats: Den här studien belyser hur hälsoarbetare hos ChildFund i La Paz ger omvårdnad till barn genom det globalt använda ECD-programmet. Detta bidrar till det gemensamma globala målet att nå Millenniemålen genom att förbättra barns möjlighet att växa och utvecklas. Hälsoarbetare använde ett flertal olika strategier för att ge barnen omvårdnad, samtliga giltiga för ECD-programmets metod. Klinisk betydelse: Studiens resultat skulle kunna ge sjuksköterskor bättre kunskap om likheter och olikheter inom pediatrisk omvårdnad världen över, och därmed även ökad kunskap om global omvårdnad.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Early Childhood Development, Children, Health Promotion, Global Nursing, Ethnography
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1562OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-1562DiVA: diva2:794709
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-03-12 Created: 2015-03-12 Last updated: 2015-05-27Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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More styles
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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