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Sources and level of income among individuals with multiple sclerosis compared to the general population: A nationwide population-based study.
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
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2015 (English)In: Multiple Sclerosis, ISSN 1352-4585, E-ISSN 1477-0970, Vol. 21, no 13, 1730-1741 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with reduced work capacity, but there is limited knowledge about MS patients' sources of income.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to elucidate MS patients' earnings and social benefits compared to those of the general population.

METHODS: From nationwide registers of all residents in Sweden aged 21-64 years in 2010 (n=5,291,764), those with an MS diagnosis (n=13,979) were compared to a propensity score matched reference group (n=69,895). Descriptive statistics and regression models were used to estimate the percentage difference between the MS patients and the matched references regarding the following annual incomes: earnings, disability pension, sickness absence, disability allowance, unemployment compensation and social assistance.

RESULTS: Both MS patients and the matched references received most of their income from earnings followed by disability pension and sickness absence. MS patients that were diagnosed in 2010 had 15% lower earnings than the matched references, while MS patients diagnosed before 2005 had 38% lower earnings. Corresponding figures regarding summed social benefits were 33% and 130% higher for MS patients, respectively.

CONCLUSION: The results indicate that MS patients are overrepresented, in relative and absolute terms, regarding health-related benefits and have lower levels of earnings. However, the redistributing welfare systems appear to financially compensate the MS patients considerably.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 21, no 13, 1730-1741 p.
Keyword [en]
Multiple sclerosis; disability allowance; disability pension; earnings; sick leave; social assistance; unemployment compensation
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1592DOI: 10.1177/1352458515570767PubMedID: 25698166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-1592DiVA: diva2:801617
Available from: 2015-04-09 Created: 2015-03-17 Last updated: 2015-12-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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