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Att leva med en osynlig diagnos: Livskvalitet hos vuxna med ADHD
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Living with an invisible disorder : Quality of life in adults with ADHD (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Uppfattningen har länge varit att Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, är en diagnos som växer bort och inte kvarstår in i vuxenlivet och därav har forskning runt ADHD, fram till det senaste decenniet, nästan uteslutande bedrivits runt barn. Då symtomyttringen ter sig annorlunda hos vuxna än hos barn saknas kunskap och förståelse bland annat inom vården och om hur dessa vuxna ska vårdas och bemötas. För att vårda vuxna med ADHD på ett medmänskligt sätt behövs kunskap om hur de upplever sin hälsa mätt som livskvalitet. 

Syfte: Studien syftar till att beskriva hur vuxnas livskvalitet påverkas av ADHD.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar som underlag. Materialet har analyserats med WHO:s definition av livskvalitet med dess sex olika domäner som utgångspunkt.

Resultat: Livskvaliteten hos vuxna med ADHD påverkades negativt inom samtliga domäner. Positiva aspekter framkom under domänen psykiskt välbefinnande och grad av oberoende. Vuxna som diagnostiserats i tidig ålder har högre livskvalitet än de som får diagnosen senare i livet.

Slutsats: Vuxna med diagnosen har en generellt lägre livskvalitet jämfört med om de varit utan diagnosen. Tidig diagnostisering och kontinuerligt stöd är faktorer som kan öka livskvaliteten för vuxna med ADHD. 

Abstract [sv]

Background: Previous perceptions of the ADHD-diagnosis are that children grow out of it; therefore research about ADHD, until the last decade, has been conducted almost exclusively around children. Since symptoms appear differently in adults and children there’s a lacking in knowledge and understanding from amongst other the care system in how these adults should be treated and cared for. Caring for adults with ADHD in the most humane manner possible requires knowledge in how they perceive their health measured in quality of life.

Aim: The aim of this study is to describe how adult’s quality of life is affected by ADHD.

Method: A literature review based on both qualitative and quantitative studies. The collected data is analyzed using WHOs’ definition of quality of life with its six domains as a foundation.

Results: The quality of life in adults with ADHD was negatively affected by their diagnosis in all the six domains. Positive aspects of the diagnosis where found under the domains Psychological well-being and Level of independence. Adults diagnosed at an early age generally have a higher quality of life than those who are diagnosed later in life.

Conclusion: Adults with ADHD-diagnosis have a generally lower quality of life than those without the diagnosis. Early diagnosis and continuous support are factors that can increase the quality of life for adults with ADHD. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 31 p.
Keyword [sv]
ADHD, vuxna, livskvalitet, adults, quality of life
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1860OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-1860DiVA: diva2:814409
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

Röda Korsets sjuksköterskeförening stipendium juni 2015

Available from: 2015-05-27 Created: 2015-05-26 Last updated: 2015-06-10Bibliographically approved

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