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Kvinnors upplevelser av vård i samband med missfall: En litteraturstudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women´s experiences of care in association with miscarriage : A litterature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Missfall är ett ofrivilligt avslutande av en graviditet som kan medföra känslor av chock, sorg och skuld. Vårdtiden vid missfall är ofta kortvarig och vårdpersonal har en betydande roll för kvinnornas upplevelse och återhämtning.

Syfte: Syftet var att genom en litteraturstudie beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av missfall och den vård som ges i samband med missfall.

Metod: Allmän litteraturstudie baserad på tio vetenskapliga artiklar med en kvalitativ design.

Resultat: Resultatet bestod av tre huvudteman med tillhörande subteman. Det första huvudtemat var Kvinnors egna subjektiva tankar och känslor i samband med missfall med subteman Förlust av en graviditet, Skuldkänslor, Oro och förväntningar vid framtida graviditeter. Det andra huvudtemat var Kvinnors erfarenheter av bemötande från vårdpersonal vid missfall, med subteman Attityder och bemötande, Brist på information. Det sista huvudtemat var Kvinnors behov av stöd i samband med missfall med subteman Familj och närståendes betydelse, Vårdpersonalens betydelse.

Slutsats: Missfall var en chockartad upplevelse, ofta präglad av existentiell smärta och sorg. Kvinnors erfarenheter av vården var oftast negativa. Kvinnorna hade ett behov av tillräcklig och adekvat information, delaktighet, stöd utifrån den individuella upplevelsen och bekräftelse vilket är faktorer som kännetecknar personcentrerad omvårdnad.

Klinisk betydelse: Beskrivning av kvinnors upplevelser av missfall och den vård som ges i samband med missfall kan öka medvetenheten hos vårdgivare om hur kvinnors individuella behov tillgodoses genom personcentrerad omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

Background: Miscarriage is an involuntary termination of pregnancy which may cause feelings of shock, sadness and guilt. The hospital stay for miscarriage is often brief and health professionals have an important role in women's experience and recovery.

Objective: The objective was to provide a literature review of women's experience of miscarriage and the care associated with miscarriage.

Method: Literature review based on ten scientific articles with a qualitative design.

Results: The result consisted of three main themes and associated subthemes. The first main theme was Women's own subjective thoughts and feelings associated with miscarriage with subthemes Loss of a pregnancy, feelings of guilt, anxiety and expectations in future pregnancies. The second main theme was Women's experience of how they were treated by healthcare professionals during miscarriage, with subthemes attitudes and treatment, lack of information. The last main theme was Women need of support in association with miscarriage with subthemes significance of family and kindred, professionals importance.

Conclusion: Miscarriage was a shocking experience, often marked by existential pain and grief. Women's experiences of care were often negative. The women had a need for sufficient and adequate information, participation, support based on the individual experience and confirmation, which are factors that characterizes person-centered care.

Clinical significance: Description of women's experiences of miscarriage and the care associated with miscarriage can increase awareness among health care providers on how women's individual needs are met through person-centered care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Miscarriage, experience, care, support, person-centered care.
Keyword [sv]
Missfall, upplevelse, vårdpersonal, stöd, personcentrerad omvårdnad.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1878OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-1878DiVA: diva2:826583
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-29 Created: 2015-06-25 Last updated: 2015-06-29Bibliographically approved

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