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Specialistsjuksköterskans roll inom psykiatrisk vård: En intervjustudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The specialist nurse role in psychiatric care : An interview study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskeprofessionen har genomgått stora förändringar från 1950-talet tills idag.  Sjuksköterskan i psykiatrisk vård har en central roll i omvårdnaden av patienten, så varför inte vidareutbilda sig? I litteraturen beskrivs specialistsjuksköterskans roll ofta som mångfacetterad och komplex men samtidigt otydlig, men hur ser specialistsjuksköterskor i psykiatrisk själva på sin roll idag?

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa hur specialistsjuksköterskan upplever sin roll i psykiatrisk vård.

Metod: En kvalitativ beskrivande design användes. En fokusgrupp och individuella intervjuer genomfördes med en intervjuguide med semistrukturerade frågor. Urvalet bestod av elva specialistsjuksköterskor i psykiatrisk vård. Samtliga deltagare var kvinnor mellan 31-59 år. Materialet analyserades med manifest innehållsanalys inspirerad av Graneheims och Lundman (2004).

Resultat: Fyra kategorier framkom: (O)specifika arbetsuppgifter, Svag forskningstradition, Helhetssyn samt Förmedlar sin kunskap. Resultatet visade att specialistsjuksköterskans roll är självständig men den verkar sakna väl definierade arbetsuppgifter. Specialistsjuksköterskan har utökade kunskaper i psykiatri men upplever en avsaknad av egna termer som beskriver professionen. Specialistsjuksköterskan har ofta en positiv inställning till forskning, men tar inte del av det i så stor utsträckning. Specialistsjuksköterskan anser sig också ha en förmåga till helhetssyn på patienten dennes situation och beskrev en samordnande- och en utbildande roll. 

Slutsats: Specialistsjuksköterskerollen i psykiatrisk vård ser sig själv som betydelsefull och innehavare av en hög kompetens samtidigt som de upplever att det finns en otydlighet i rollen. 

Klinisk betydelse: I den allt mer specialiserade hälso- och sjukvården behövs den specialistutbildade sjuksköterskan i psykiatrisk vård, därför bör lärosäten och arbetsgivare förtydliga rollen så att kompentensen tas tillvara och sjuksköterskor stimuleras till att vidareutbilda sig.

 

Abstract [en]

Background: The nursing profession has been through huge changes from 1950th until today. The nurse in psychiatric care has a central role in caring of the patient, so why not get further educated? The literature describes the specialist nurse role often as multifaceted and complex but at the same time unclear, but what does the specialist nurse in psychiatric care think of their role today?

Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate how the specialist nurse experienced her role in psychiatric care.

Method: A qualitative descriptive design. Manifest content analysis was made according to Graneheim and Lundman (2004). The sample consisted of eleven specialist nurses in psychiatric care. All participants were women between the age of 31-59 years. One focus group and six individual interviews were performed by using an interview guide containing semi structured questions. 

Results: Four categories emerged: (Non)specific tasks, Lack of scientific tradition, Holistic view, Pass on the knowledge. The result shows that the specialist nurse role is independent, lack of specific tasks, has expended knowledge in psychiatric care and lack of terms in the profession. The specialist nurse had a positive attitude towards science but did not take partition in it that much. The specialist nurse had an ability to see the patient in a holistic view and described a collaboration- and an educational role.

Conclusion: The specialist nurse role in psychiatric care regard themselves as important and having a high level of competence and at the same time an unclear role.

Clinical significance: In health care, that is more specialized than ever the specialist nurse in psychiatric care is needed, therefore the academy and the employer should clarify the role so that the competence is taken care of and nurses stimulates to get further education.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 38 p.
Keyword [sv]
Profession. Psykiatrisk vård, Roll, Specialistsjuksköterskan, Specialistsjuksköterskans kärnkompetenser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1956OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-1956DiVA: diva2:864163
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-11-03 Created: 2015-10-26 Last updated: 2015-11-03Bibliographically approved

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