Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Expecting the best and being prepared for the worst: structure, profiles, and 2-year temporal stability of dispositional optimism in women with breast cancer
The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Public Health and Medicine. Karolinska Institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5376-5048
Karolinska Institutet.
Karolinska Institutet.
Karolinska Institutet.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Psycho-Oncology, ISSN 1057-9249, E-ISSN 1099-1611, Vol. 25, no 8, 957-963 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Dispositional optimism is viewed as a key personality resource for resiliency and has been linked to adjustment among women with breast cancer. The aim was to examine (a) the psychometric proprieties of Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R), (b) the potential independence and co-occurrence of positive and negative dimensions of future outcome expectancies, (c) the longitudinal invariance of LOT-R and the temporal stability of dispositional optimism over 2 years following surgery, and (d) the predictive impact of optimism and pessimism on emotional distress among women with breast cancer.

METHODS: Data from a prospective study (n = 750) of women with breast cancer were acquired shortly after surgery, and the women were followed up for 2 years. Assessments of LOT-R, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, treatment-related, and demographic variables were subjected to structural equation modeling analysis.

RESULTS: A bidimensional and temporarily invariant structure of LOT-R displayed acceptable fit indices. Three profiles of future expectancies consisting of optimists, pessimists, and ambiguous were identified. Temporal stability in optimism and pessimism over 2 years was established. Women with higher education displayed higher degrees of pessimism. Baseline dispositional optimism inversely predicted emotional distress at 2 years.

CONCLUSIONS: The LOT-R should be approached as a bidimensional measure. Co-occurrence of optimism and pessimism may indicate a cautious defensive coping effort in women with breast cancer. The importance of systematic efforts to enhance optimism as well as the capacity to acknowledge both positive and negative future expectancies is emphasized. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 25, no 8, 957-963 p.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1985DOI: 10.1002/pon.4045PubMedID: 26632349OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-1985DiVA: diva2:886235
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2016-10-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Saboonchi, Fredrik
By organisation
Department of Public Health and Medicine
In the same journal
Psycho-Oncology
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 43 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf