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Den expressiva beröringens effekt på personer med demenssjukdom
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effect of expressive touch in people with dementia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Beröring är en integrerad del av det mänskliga beteendet och kan öka välbefinnandet samt ge en stunds lugn och ro. Inom omvårdad har intresset för kompletterande och alternativa behandlingar ökat för att behandla demensrelaterade symtom, såsom agitation och aggressivitet. Expressiv beröring är av intresse då det är kostnadseffektivt och biverkningarna är få.

Syfte: Att undersöka vilka effekter expressiv beröring har på agiterat och aggressivt beteende hos personer med demenssjukdom.

Metod: Litteraturöversikt innehållande tio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvantitativ ansats. Artiklarna söktes i databaserna CINAHL, MEDLINE och PubMed.

Resultat: I studierna där handmassage och akupressur erhölls minskade agitation och aggressivitet signifikant. I studier där mjukmassage och fotmassage erhölls framkom varierade resultatet och både minskningar och ökningar av agitation och aggressivitet sågs.

Slutsats: Då inte alla studier var av tillräckligt hög kvalitet, var det svårt att dra slutsatser och generalisera resultatet om beröringens effekt. Det fanns dock en trend vad gäller minskat agiterat och aggressivt beteende när personer med demenssjukdom blev berörda.

Klinisk betydelse: Kunskap och information om beröringens effekter för att minska agiterat och aggressivt beteende hos personer med demenssjukdom saknas. Att som sjuksköterska ha kunskap om beröringens effekter är därför av betydelse.

Abstract [en]

Background: Touch is an integral part of human behavior and can improve well-being and provide a moment of peace and quiet. In nursing, an interest in complementary and alternative therapies has increased to treat dementia-related symptoms, such as agitation and aggression. Expressive touch in the form of massage and acupressure are of interest since these treatments are cost-effective and side effects are limited.

Aim: To examine the effects of expressive touch on agitated and aggressive behavior in people with dementia.

Method: Literature review containing ten scientific articles with quantitative approach. Articles were searched in the databases CINAHL, MEDLINE and PubMed.

Result: The findings demonstrate that when receiving hand massage and acupressure, agitation and aggression were significantly decreased. When soft massage and foot massage were received results varied, agitation and aggression both decreased and increased.

Conclusion: Since not all studies were of adequate quality, it was difficult to draw conclusions and generalize the results of the power of touch. However, a trend in decreased agitated and aggressive behavior was observed when people with dementia were touched.

Clinical significance: Knowledge and information about the effects of expressive touch to reduce agitated and aggressive behavior in people with dementia are missing. To have knowledge about the effects of touch are therefore of importance as a nurse. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
expressive touch, dementia, agitation, aggression
Keyword [sv]
expressiv beröring, demenssjukdom, agitation, aggressivitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-1999OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-1999DiVA: diva2:891977
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-08 Last updated: 2016-01-12Bibliographically approved

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