Time trends in 20 years of medication use in older adults: Findings from three elderly cohorts in Stockholm, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print), ISSN 0167-4943, E-ISSN 1872-6976, Vol. 63, 28-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
New drugs and expanded drug indications are constantly being introduced. Welfare states strive to provide equity in drug treatment for all of its citizens and todaýs healthcare systems spend financial resources on drugs for the elderly in a higher rate than for any other age group. Drug utilization in elderly persons has an impact in health and wellbeing in older people.
THE PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH: It was to describe the changes in medication use including people aged 78 years and over regardless of residence and other characteristics over 20 years.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 4304 participants in three population-based cross-sectional surveys conducted in the Kungsholmen area of central Stockholm, Sweden. The participant's current drug utilization was reviewed by physicians following standardized protocols. Data were statistical analyzed. Logistic regression models was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for use of analgesics and psychotropic drugs in the cohorts of 2001 and 2007, controlling for age, gender, education and cognition.
THE PRINCIPAL RESULTS AND MAJOR CONCLUSIONS: Results shows that the prevalence of medication use and polypharmacy in older adults has increased dramatically the late 1980s to the 2000s in central Stockholm, Sweden. In particular, the use of analgesics increased significantly, while some drug groups decreased, i.e., antipsychotics. Women used more medication than men in all three cohorts. Older adults living in service buildings used the largest amount of drugs in 1987, whereas those living in institutions were the most frequent users in 2001 and 2007.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 63, 28-35 p.
communication barriers, cognitive, ICT, language, barriers, learning, socioculture
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2019DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2015.11.010PubMedID: 26791168OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2019DiVA: diva2:898857