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Att samtala om sexualitet med cancersjuka patienter: En litteraturstudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Discussing sexuality with patients diagnosed with cancer : A litterature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sexualitet är för många en viktig del av livet. Cancer kan ha en negativ inverkanpå individers sexualitet. Cancerpatienter önskar och behöver information kring ämnet menvårdpersonal förbiser ofta detta. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva vårdpersonalenserfarenheter av samtal om sexualitet med cancersjuka patienter samt vad som kan hindra ellerunderlätta för dessa samtal. Metod: Allmän litteraturstudie baserad på sex kvantitativa och trekvalitativa studier samt en med mixad metod. Resultat: Resultatet kategoriserades under fyrateman: Professionalitet, Vårdrelation, Människosyn och Miljö. Dessa teman bestod av niosubteman Tilltro till sin kommunikativa förmåga, Kunskap kring sexualitet, Utbildning avpatienten, Bjuda in till samtal, Att bygga en relation och skapa en tillåtande atmosfär, Ettgenant och obekvämt område, Fördomar, Tidsbrist och Organisation. Slutsats: Kunskapkring sexualitet och en förmåga att kommunicera den på rätt sätt är essentiellt vid samtal medcancerpatienter om deras sexualitet. Det är viktigt att vårdpersonal funderar kring sin syn påmänniskan i allmänhet och på människan som sexuell varelse i synnerhet och hur det i sin turkan påverka om patienten får en holistisk omvårdnad eller ej. Förslag på fortsatt forskning: Mer forskning på patienters upplevelser och önskningar kring samtal om sexualitet behövs.Det behövs också mer forskning som enbart riktar in sig på en svensk kontext.

Abstract [en]

Background: Sexuality is for many an important part of life. Cancer may affect the sexualityof individuals in a negative way. Cancer patients need and wish for information regarding thesubject but health professionals are often neglecting this. Aim: The aim of the study was todescribe health professionals’ experiences of discussing sexuality with patients diagnosedwith cancer and barriers and facilitators for these kinds of discussions. Method: A literaturereview based on six quantitative and three qualitative studies and one with a mixed methodapproach. Results: The result were categorized in to four themes: Professionalism, Thecaring relationship, Human perspective and Environment. These themes included ninesubthemes: Trust in your communicating abilities, Knowledge regarding sexuality, Educatingthe patient, Invitation to a discussion, Building a relationship and creating a permissiveatmosphere, An embarrassing and uncomfortable area, Prejudices, Lack of time andOrganization. Conclusion: Knowledge regarding sexuality and an ability to communicate itin a correct way is essential when it comes to discussing sexuality with cancer patients. It’simportant that health professionals consider their human perspective in a general way andespecially how they see humans as a sexual beings and how that can effect whether thepatients will receive a holistic care or not. Suggestions for further research: Furtherresearch is needed that focus on the patients experiences and requests when it comes todiscussions about sexuality. There’s also a need for research that only investigates the issue ina Swedish context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Cancer, Discussing, Experiences, Sexuality
Keyword [sv]
Cancer, Erfarenhet, Samtal, Sexualitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2182OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2182DiVA: diva2:912137
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-03-17 Created: 2016-03-15 Last updated: 2016-03-17Bibliographically approved

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