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  • 1.
    Frostell, Claes
    et al.
    Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet.
    Björling, Gunilla
    The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Nursing and Care. Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet.
    Strömberg, Emma
    KTH.
    Karlsson, Sigbritt
    KTH.
    Aune, Ragnhild E
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Tracheal implants revisited2017In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 389, no 10075, p. 1191-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Gottvall, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Vårdvetenskap.
    Introduction of School-Based HPV Vaccination in Sweden: Knowledge and Attitudes among Youth, Parents, and Staff2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis is to provide a better understanding of knowledge, attitudes, consent, and decision-making regarding Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, seen from the perspectives of concerned parties – high school students, school nurses, and parents.

    Two quantitative studies were performed: one descriptive cross-sectional study and one quasi-experimental intervention study. Qualitative studies using focus group interviews and individual interviews were also performed.

    High school students’ knowledge about HPV and HPV prevention was low but their attitudes toward HPV vaccination were positive. An educational intervention significantly increased the students’ knowledge regarding HPV and HPV prevention. Their already positive attitudes toward condom use and HPV vaccination remained unchanged. The students wanted to receive more information about HPV from school nurses. The school nurses were also positive to HPV vaccination but identified many challenges concerning e.g. priorities, obtaining informed consent, culture, and gender. They saw an ethical dilemma in conflicting values such as the child’s right to self-determination, the parents’ right to make autonomous choices on behalf of their children, and the nurse’s obligation to promote health. They were also unsure of how, what, and to whom information about HPV should be given. Parents, who had consented to vaccination of their young daughters, reasoned as follows: A vaccine recommended by the authorities is likely to be safe and effective, and the parents were willing to do what they could to decrease the risk of a serious disease for their daughter. Fear of unknown adverse events was overweighed by the benefits of vaccination. Parents also saw the school nurse as an important source of HPV information.

    Conclusions: Positive attitudes toward HPV vaccination despite limited knowledge about HPV, are overarching themes in this thesis. School nurses have a crucial role to inform about HPV prevention. It is important that the concerned parties are adequately informed about HPV and its preventive methods, so that they can make an informed decision about vaccination. A short school-based intervention can increase knowledge about HPV among students. From a public health perspective, high vaccination coverage is important as it can lead to a reduced number of HPV-related disease cases. 

  • 3.
    Manninen, Katri
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset.
    Björling, Gunilla
    The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Ethical Coffee Room: ett EU-projekt om etiska frågor och diskussioner i verksamhetsförlagd utbildning för sjuksköterskestudenter2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Simulation in Ethics, SimE, syftar till att öka den etiska kompetensen hos sjuksköterskestudenter i Norden och Baltikum. Projektet pågår under åren 2017-2019 i samarbete mellan Röda Korsets Högskola, Turku University of Applied Sciences (Finland) och Riga Medical College of the University of Latvia (Lettland)  och är finansierat av EU och Interregional Central Baltic Programme.

    I projektet ingår att planera och genomföra tre kurser: Basic Theories of Ethics (2 ECTS), Ethical Coffee Room (1 ETCS) and Simulation in Ethics (3ECTS) som görs gemensamt av de tre partnerorganisationer. Kurserna finns på en digital plattform med web-seminarier och diskussionsforum som resurs för studenterna. Språket är engelska. I kurs 1 ges grunderna i etik och etiska teorier och begrepp. Kurs 2 handlar om att tillämpa och diskutera teoretiska kunskaper och erfarenheter i etik i en autentisk miljö i den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningen. I kurs 3 genomförs simuleringar där studenterna aktivt medverkar i simuleringsscenarier med efterföljande etisk reflektion. Gemensamma kurser i etik bidrar till en mer harmoniserad utbildning och kompetens inom regionen och främjar mobilitet av arbetskraft och bättre patientvård. Efter avslutat projekt kommer allt kursmaterial inklusive en handbok att finnas fritt tillgängligt och kunna användas av alla utbildningar inom hälso- och sjukvård. Röda Korsets Högskola har huvudansvaret för kurs 2 och vi har under våren genomfört en pilot-testning av den, Ehtical Coffee Room, i termin 3 med gott resultat.

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