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  • 1.
    Andersson, Ann-Christine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Kvalitetsteknik.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Kvalitetsteknik.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för Hälsa och samhälle.
    Perseius, Kent-Inge
    Landstinget i Kalmar län.
    Five Types of Practice-Based Improvement Ideas in Health Care Services: An Empirically Defined Typology2011Inngår i: Quality Management in Health Care, ISSN 1063-8628, E-ISSN 1550-5154, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 122-130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to empirically identify and present different kinds of practice-based improvement ideas developed in health care services. The focus is on individual placement needs, problems/issues, and the ability to organize work on the development, implementation, and institutionalization of ideas for the health care sector. This study is based on a Swedish county council improvement program. Health care departments and primary health care centers in the Kalmar County Council were invited to apply for money to accomplish improvement projects. A qualitative content analysis was done of 183 proposed applications from various health care departments and primary health care centers. The following 5 types of improvement projects were identified: organizational process, evidence and quality, competence development, process technology, and proactive patient work. This illustrates the range of strategies that encourage letting individual units define their own improvement needs. These projects point to the various problems and experiences health care professionals encounter in their day-to-day work. To generalize beyond this improvement program and to validate the typology, we applied it to all articles found when searching for quality improvement projects in the journal Quality Management in Health Care during the last 2 years and found that all of them could be fitted into at least 1 of those 5 categories. This article provides valuable insights into the current state of improvemen work in Swedish health care, and will serve as a foundation for further investigations in this quality improvement program.

  • 2.
    Tinghög, Petter
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Migration, Stress and Mental Ill Health: Post-migration Factors and Experiences in the Swedish Context2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This predominantly empirical dissertation deals with how socio-economic living conditions and immigrant-specific factors can be linked to immigrants’ mental ill health. It is also explored how cultural representations can affect stress and whether mental ill health is expressed differently among immigrants from Iraq and Iran than among individuals of Nordic origin. Moreover, a conceptual analysis is conducted, where a phenomenological conceptualisation of stress is outlined with a special focus on how this stress approach can be related to culture and migration.

    The empirical material consists of eleven in-depth interviews with Iraqi and Iranian immigrant women and two population-based surveys.

    The main findings of this thesis suggest as follows: 1) Mental ill health is more common among foreign-born than among native-born Swedes and can to a great extent be attributed to their poorer socio-economic living conditions. 2) Immigrants’ mental health is independently associated with different types of factors, such as traumatic episodes, socio-cultural adaptation level and socioeconomic living conditions. 3) The self-reporting mental health instruments, HSCL-25 and WHO (ten) Wellbeing Index, produce scores that are comparable between Scandinavians and immigrants of Middle Eastern descent. 4) Nonuniversal representations that can be found in Iraq and Iran can amplify, or even be necessary ingredients in certain types of stressful experiences among immigrant women from these countries. 5) The distinctions between universal and non-universal stress, and between immigrant/minority and non-immigrant/nonminority stress appear to be crucial for an adequate comprehension of immigrants’ stressful experiences.

  • 3.
    Tinghög, Petter
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten..
    Richt, Bengt
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten..
    Eriksson, Mimmi
    Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nordenfelt, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten..
    A phenomenological approach to the study of stress among immigrants: the case of Iraqi and Iranian women in SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study begins with the outlining of a general phenomenological theory of stress, which subsequently is applied to eleven Iraqi and Iranian migrant women’s own accounts of life in Sweden. The analysis of the interviews suggested that domestic disputes and intergenerational conflicts may become particularly stressful in that they are often amplified by incompatible Western and Non‐Western representations. The detected stressful experiences are analysed and structured to elucidate their character. Finally, a typology of stressful experiences in the new environment based on the distinctions between immigrant/minority‐specific and non‐immigrant/‐ minority‐specific stress, as well as between culturogenic and non‐culturogenic stress, is presented and defended.

  • 4.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Östlund, Britt
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    AntITanter eller webbmostrar?: Rapport från den vetenskapliga uppföljningen av SeniorITaprojektet 1997-19981998Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Opublicerad rapport från den vetenskapliga uppföljningen av SeniorITa projektet 1997-1998.

  • 5.
    Östlund, Britt
    Linköpings universitet, Tema teknik och social förändring.
    Gammal är äldst: En studie om teknik i äldre människors liv1995Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the role of technology in elderly peoples everydaylife, to what extent technology can facilitate or prevent them from havinga social life. The intension is to describe the role of technology from olderpeoples own perspective. Four activities in everyday life in which technology is involved are emphasised: social contacts, security, information and distribution of services and goods. Technology related to these activities are telephones, televisions, safety alarms and homeshopping-terminals. The aim of the study is to describe how these fourtechnologies are used by the elderly and what function and meaning theygive to the technology; and to describe old peoples attitudes to newtechnology in general and to the home shopping-terminals specificallyand how this technology affects their everyday life contacts and routins.The main emphirical work consists of recurrent interviews andobservations of a group of old people living in a city (Malmo) and in a rural district (Kinda).

    The results show that the function of technologies such as the telephoneand the television becomes more specific and even more important to connect the home with the outside world. By this kind of technology the interviewees remain socially integrated but, which is one of their expressed preferences, with no demands on social participation. A growing need of privacy is succesfully combined with an increased need of security and help. Technology is not used to establish new contacts but relations to relatives and friends are maintained. The attitude and acceptance of new technology in general is positive due to their lifelong experiences of improvements. The difference is that they are not that interested anymore, referring to an increased pragmatic vue towards modernity, to a limited future-perspective and to their basic values.

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