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  • 1.
    Ekstrand, Per
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Tarzan and Jane in theoretical Jungle - An ethnographic study of different representations of masculinities in Nursing Practice.: Presentation av paper.2004Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    et al.
    Red Cross University College of Nursing.
    Christiansen, Mats
    Division of Nursing, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences, and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Red Cross University College of Nursing.
    Engström, Annica
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås.
    Salzmann-Erikson, Martin
    Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle.
    Nursing under the skin: a netnographic study of metaphors and meanings in nursing tattoos2014In: Nursing Inquiry, ISSN 1320-7881, E-ISSN 1440-1800, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 318-326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were to present themes in nursing motifs as depicted in tattoos and to describe how it reflects upon nursing in popular culture as well as within professional nursing culture. An archival and cross-sectional observational study was conducted online to search for images of nursing tattoos that were freely available, by utilizing the netnographic methodology. The 400 images were analyzed in a process that consisted of four analytical steps focusing on metaphors and meanings in the tattoos. The findings present four themes: angels of mercy and domination; hegemonic nursing technology; embodying the corps; and nurses within the belly of the monster. The tattoos serve as a mirror of popular culture and the professional culture of nurses and nursing practice within the context of body art. Body art policy statements have been included in nursing personnel dress code policies. Usually these policies prohibit tattoos that are sexist, symbolize sex or could contribute and reproduce racial oppression. The results show that the tattoos can be interpreted according to several layers of meanings in relation to such policies. We therefore stress that this is an area highly relevant for further analyses in nursing research.

  • 3.
    Ingridsdotter, Jenny
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörns högskola.
    Etnografisk fiktion: Introduktion2017In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 2, no 26, p. 2-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this text we introduce this special issue of Kulturella perspektiv that addresses the relationship between ethnography and fiction. Could ethnographic fiction serve as an alternative way to communicate research results? Can it help us to reach other audiences outside of academia? How can fantasy and fiction help us in the quest for new knowledge? These are the main questions posed and answered in this introductory article where we highlight some important contributions to this field in ethnology and anthropology. Revisiting concepts such as Clifford Geertz 'thick descriptions' and 'faction' the article suggests that ethnographic fiction is part of a tradition in ethnographic work that problematize the division between fact and fiction, reason and affect, as well as objectivity and subjectivity. Scholars that work in the ethnographic tradition has long since acknowledged researchers' interpretations and subjectivity as a part of our knowledge production. Qualitative research in general, and ethnographic research in particular, would be impossible without an active research subject that thinks, feels and engages in the field of research. The article discusses examples of ethnographic research that engages with alternative ways of writing up the results and communicating the findings. We suggest that a creative approach to writing might reach a new and larger audience and help establish the importance of ethnographic work

  • 4.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörns högskola.
    Constructions of "Delinquency" in compulsory youth care2015In: 33 Nordic Ethnology and Folklore Conference, Co-productions, collaborations, -contestations coming together in Copenhagen, Copenhagen: Denmark, 2015, 18-21 August: Panel: 4, Conventions, conflicts and controversies in institutional settings, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the borderlands of care and punishment, there are institutions for compulsory care. Teenagers with problems such as substance abuse, criminality and psychosocial difficulties are the target group of these institutions. Treatment under compulsion is not officially conceptualized as punishment but as protection for teenagers at risk. The care, or treatment, provided in institutions of compulsory care is organized and motivated out of various understandings of the teenagers receiving the care. In other words: the solutions are sprung out of certain problem formulations from staff and other professionals in the social sector.

    In this paper I investigate and analyze constructions of teenagers in the setting of so called secure units in Sweden. Observations and interviews, of practices and narratives with institutional staff, are analyzed to understand how "delinquency" is understood in this context. Using a foucauldian concept of power and a discourse theoretical logics approach, I understand these constructions as consisting of logics and fantasies in the intersection of gender, age, class, ethnicity, race, social background and biology. These various logics and fantasies are articulated together in different ways to motivate further action.

    Articulation is understood both as a methodological tool to organize the researchers view on empirical material, and as a research strategy to bring seemingly separate concepts and ideas together.

    This paper shall demonstrate the importance of studying the particularities of compulsory care to understand processes of normality and deviation more broadly. 

  • 5.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences. Södertörns högskola.
    Det som sitter i väggarna: tvångsvård mellan stabilitet och förändring2017In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 26, no 3-4, p. 39-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörns högskola.
    Gränsland: Svensk ungdomsvård mellan vård och straff2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Borderlands. Swedish youth care in the intersections of care and punishment

    This dissertation concerns staff working in special residential homes, or secure units, for boys and young men and, less specifically, the compulsory care of problematic teenagers. The study is based on interviews with staff members and participatory observations of daily practices at a compulsorycare institution. The empirical material is complemented by observations of learning situations and interviews with students and teachers in education of social pedagogy.

    The aim of the thesis is to map out and to analyse understandings of, and motivations for, compulsory care that is produced and sustained through articulations of residing teenagers, treatment practices and institutional staff in the daily work, and in staff narratives, at a secure unit for compulsory care. Three aspects of compulsory care are analysed: constructions of teenagers, of treatment practices and of subject positions or identity of staff.

    Concepts and ideas from a post-structural framework are used as theoretical tools to conduct analysis of the interviews and observations. Discourse, as well as a three-fold concept of logics, is central for the analysis. As a theoretical complement to the main analytical framework, perspectives from symbolic interactionism are used.

    The results of the thesis show that tensions and ambivalence characterise compulsory care for adolescents. Aspects of care as well as of punishment, for example, are both evident parts of the institutional work and narratives studied. The teenagers are alternately being constructed as children in need and as manipulative criminals: articulations that are made part of either a logic of care or a logic of punishment.

    Other tensions that are analysed as significant parts of institutional practices and subject positions are those of the biological and the social, theory and practice, and power and powerlessness. Age, gender and class are all significant parts in constructing subject positions for both teenagers and staff and in creating a division between the two groups. Such categorisations are articulated together in various ways in the different logics identified. These subject positions also have consequences for institutional interactions and for the institutional care provided in secure units.

  • 7.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörns högskola.
    Masculinity in utopic and dystopian fantasies of compulsory care2015In: SIEF2015 Utopias, Realities, Heritages: Ethnographies for the 21st Century, 12th congress of Société Internationale d'Ethnologie et de Folklore, Zagreb: Croatia, 21-25 June 2015: Panel: Gend006 Gendered realities: old issues, new heritage, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the tension between utopic and dystopian fantasies in the realities of institutional practices in compulsory care. Masculinity is a substantial part of the fantasmatic narratives in the institutional setting. 

  • 8.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörns högskola.
    Smutsig etnografi: En metoddiskussion2015In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 2, p. 2-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the methodological consequences of studying difficult fields of research is discussed, using the concept of dirty ethnography as a point of departure. Being dirty as a researcher has two implications; firstly it refers to the process where the researcher is positioned in an ethnographic field where different positions, subjectivities and/or identities are merged together, sometimes causing conflict or anxiety. Here the dirtiness is something inevitable that is a necessary part of every research process. Secondly, dirtiness refers to the more specific research that takes place in contexts where we feel uncomfortable or where our ethical standards are more difficult to uphold. The etnographical example discussed here is compulsory care of problematic teenagers with various behavioral and psychosocial difficulties. The analytical focus is directed towards institutional staff working in this environment. Here the different kinds of dirtiness that research in this field invokes is discussed as important methodological and analytical tools to further develop ethnological conversations on self-reflexivity.

  • 9.
    Silow Kallenberg, Kim
    Södertörns högskola.
    Tabanja: Ett exempel på etnografisk fiktion2017In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 2, no 26, p. 41-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is about ethnographic knowledge production, and is an investigation of the forms that knowledge production can take. The text consists of two separated parts; a contextualising introduction and a short story based on the material of ethnographic fieldwork. The aim is to highlight parts of human life that are hard to depict with traditional scholarly genres.

       In the first part of the article – the introduction – the relation between subjectivity and objectivity in ethnographic research, and the blurred lines that often exist between the two, is used as a point of departure to argue for the use of ethnographic fiction in research processes. Concepts such as thick description and self-reflexivity are used in the discussion. Ethnographic fiction can have multiple meanings and is here understood as fiction based in ethnographic knowledge. This genre can be a means to highlight aspects that are excluded or toned down in more traditional academic texts. Ethnographic fiction can also be a means to communicate research results to other audiences than the ones that normally reads scholarly works.

       The second part of the article consists of an example of ethnographic fiction in the form of a short story. The story is about a young boy named Issa, who grows up in a marginalised community and who leads a destructive life that eventually results in him being subjected to compulsory care. Issa is a fictional character with a real life role model in one of the authors’ research persons that were shot and killed only sixteen years old.

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