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  • 1.
    Backman, Sara
    et al.
    School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Fiber, and Polymer Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Björling, Gunilla
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Stockholm.
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Sophiahemmet University College, Stockholm.
    Lysdahl, Michael
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Stockholm.
    Markström, Agneta
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Stockholm.
    Schedin, Ulla
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Stockholm.
    Aune, Ragnhild E
    School of Industrial Technology and Management, Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Frostell, Claes
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Anesthesia, Surgical Services and Intensive Care, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockhol.
    Karlsson, Sigbritt
    School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Fiber, and Polymer Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Material wear of polymeric tracheostomy tubes: A six-month study2009Ingår i: The Laryngoscope, ISSN 0023-852X, E-ISSN 1531-4995, Vol. 119, nr 4, s. 657-664Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to study long-term material wear of tracheostomy tubes made of silicone (Si), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and polyurethane (PU) after 3 and 6 months of clinical use.

    STUDY DESIGN: The study has a prospective and comparative design.

    METHODS: Nineteen patients with long-term tracheostomy, attending the National Respiratory Center in Sweden, were included, n = 6 with Si tubes, n = 8 with PVC tubes, and n = 5 with PU tubes. The tubes were exposed to the local environment in the trachea for 3 and 6 months and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry.

    RESULTS: All tubes revealed severe surface changes. No significant differences were established after 3 or 6 months of exposure between the various materials. The changes had progressed significantly after this period, compared to previously reported changes after 30 days of exposure. The results from all analyzing techniques correlated well.

    CONCLUSIONS: All tubes, exposed in the trachea for 3-6 months, revealed major degradation and changes in the surface of the material. Polymeric tracheostomy tubes should be changed before the end of 3 months of clinical use.

  • 2.
    Björling, Gunilla
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, National Respiratory Centre, Stockholm.
    Axelsson, Sara
    School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Fibre and Polymer Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Sophiahemmet University College, Stockholm.
    Lysdahl, Michael
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, National Respiratory Centre, Stockholm.
    Markström, Agneta
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, National Respiratory Centre, Stockholm.
    Schedin, Ulla
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, National Respiratory Centre, Stockholm.
    Aune, Ragnhild E
    School of Industrial Technology and Management, Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Frostell, Claes
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm.
    Karlsson, Sigbritt
    School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Fibre and Polymer Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Clinical use and material wear of polymeric tracheostomy tubes2007Ingår i: The Laryngoscope, ISSN 0023-852X, E-ISSN 1531-4995, Vol. 117, nr 9, s. 1552-1559Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to compare the duration of use of polymeric tracheostomy tubes, i.e., silicone (Si), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and polyurethane (PU), and to determine whether surface changes in the materials could be observed after 30 days of patient use.

    METHODS: Data were collected from patient and technical records for all tracheostomized patients attending the National Respiratory Center in Sweden. In the surface study, 19 patients with long-term tracheostomy were included: six with Bivona TTS Si tubes, eight with Shiley PVC tubes, and five with Trachoe Twist PU tubes. All tubes were exposed in the trachea for 30 days before being analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). New tubes and tubes exposed in phosphate-buffered saline were used as reference. RESULTS: Si tubes are used for longer periods of time than those made of PVC (P<.0001) and PU (P=.021). In general, all polymeric tubes were used longer than the recommended 30-day period. Eighteen of the 19 tubes exposed in patients demonstrated, in one or more areas of the tube, evident surface changes. The morphologic changes identified by SEM correlate well with the results obtained by ATR-FTIR.

    CONCLUSIONS: Si tracheostomy tubes are in general used longer than those made of PVC and PU. Most of the tubes exposed in the trachea for 30 days suffered evident surface changes, with degradation of the polymeric chains as a result.

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