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  • 1.
    Hansson, Anna
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet / Sophiahemmet.
    Forsell, Yvonne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Hochwälder, Jacek
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Hillerås, Pernilla
    Sophiahemmet / Karolinska institutet.
    Impact of changes in life circumstances on subjective well-being in an adult population over a 3-year period2008In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 122, no 12, p. 1392-1398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES:

    Mental health problems are a major issue worldwide, and there is a need to further explore factors that may increase or decrease people's subjective well-being (SWB). The main aim of the present study was to extend knowledge concerning changes in cohabitation, social support or financial situation and their influence on SWB, after controlling for personality (i.e. neuroticism), in a 3-year follow-up of an adult population-based sample. The change in overall well-being was also studied during the 3- year interval.

    STUDY DESIGN:

    Longitudinal design.

    METHODS:

    A random sample of Swedish citizens, aged 20-64 years, residing in Stockholm County received a questionnaire by post, comprising items pertaining to demographics, personality, social support and SWB. All the respondents received a second questionnaire 3 years later. In total, 8324 subjects were included in the present study.

    RESULTS:

    The overall well-being of the study sample was relatively stable. Separate analyses of the three life circumstances indicated that, after controlling for personality, positive and negative changes in each sphere of life still affected SWB.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Despite personality and the stability of SWB, these results indicate that changes in financial situation, social support and cohabitation influence SWB. It is important for society and the healthcare services to be aware that a negative change in any of these life circumstances may lead to decreased well-being for a period of at least 3 years.

  • 2.
    Konlaan, Boinkum Benson
    et al.
    Red Cross University College of Nursing. University of Umeå.
    Theobald, H
    Karolinska Institute.
    Bygren, L O
    University of Umeå.
    Leisure time activity as a determinant of survival: a 26-year follow-up of a Swedish cohort2002In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 116, no 4, p. 227-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An individual's leisure time (pastime) engagements are in a way important for society. Irrespective of whether leisure time activities are causal determinants of health or health is a prerequisite for taking full part in society, the interaction is a challenge for Public Health. The first question is whether the sum of their influence results in coherence between enjoying good health and having leisure time activity. The aim of this study was to estimate their covariance. A random sample was drawn from the adult population of Stockholm County, Sweden. The residents were mailed a questionnaire regarding their social circumstances, their health complaints, the social repercussions of the complaints, and if they had any leisure time activity. Altogether, 7252 (about 93%) individuals responding to the questionnaire constituted our cohort, The individuals aged 18-65 y in November 1969 were followed up to the age of 65 y, or to 1996 as to mortality. The main outcome measure was mortality irrespective of cause of death. More than two-thirds of the respondents (71%) reported that they had some leisure time activity. Leisure time activity was a determinant of survival in the statistical sense. The risk ratio was 0.77 and its 95% confidence interval was 0.68-0.87 for those reporting leisure time activity when age, sex, baseline health and baseline alcohol consumption was discounted. The conclusion was that having leisure time activity, unspecified, covaried with health. Further studies should specify the pastime activities.

  • 3.
    Sjögren Forss, Katarina
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, General Practice, Lund University; School of Health Science, Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Ekvall Hansson, Eva
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, General Practice, Lund University.
    Troein, Margareta
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, General Practice, Lund University.
    Stjernberg, Louise
    School of Health Science, Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Patterns of physical activity among women and men before and during pregnancy2014In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 128, no 9, p. 814-816Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Follow changing physical activity (PA) patterns among women and men during pregnancy compared to before pregnancy. Study design: Longitudinal study. Methods: The study involved 280 individuals, 145 women and 135 men (who were partners to the women), from the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. Data were collected during 2008–2009. We measured the self-reported amount of PA performed outdoors and indoors during the 12 months before pregnancy and throughout the entire pregnancy. Results: Among both women and men, we found changes in PA patterns during pregnancy compared to before pregnancy. Women and men were more physically active before pregnancy than during pregnancy. Similar patterns were found among women and men with regard to the type of activity, with both groups taking more exercise and pursuing aquatic sports, indoor PA and non-strenuous activities before pregnancy and more strolling/walking during pregnancy. Conclusions: Our findings contribute new knowledge about changes in men’s PA patterns from pre-pregnancy to pregnancy that is an unexplored field. Changes in the women’s activity patterns during pregnancy also affect the men. Women seem to adjust their activity patterns during the pregnancy. The changes in activity patterns among the men are more tentative but follow the pattern for the women, which could be explained by the couples sharing their everyday lives. Midwives should consider providing information to men about the importance of being physically active during pregnancy and informing them about their role in encouraging women to be physically active.

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