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  • 1.
    Agüero-Torres, Hedda
    et al.
    Äldrecentrum, Stockholm / Karolinska Institutet.
    Hillerås, Pernilla
    Äldrecentrum, Stockholm / Sophiahemmet högskola.
    Winblad, Bengt
    Äldrecentrum, Stockholm / Karolinska Institutet.
    Disability in activities of daily living among the elderly2001In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, ISSN 0951-7367, E-ISSN 1473-6578, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 355-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise in number and proportion of older people, and the functional disability that is associated with increasing age, generate concern regarding the societal consequences of a large number of disabled elderly persons. Therefore, measuring disability in terms of activities of daily living has become routine in surveys of older people in most studies on ageing. Despite methodological obstacles, research into functional ability in the elderly has progressed during the past few decades. A high prevalence of functional disability in the elderly is consistently reported, although considerable variation has been found among studies. In contrast to functionally independent elderly, disabled elderly have been found to make increased use of home help services, and have higher institutionalization rates and premature mortality. Factors that are consistently reported as being associated with increased functional disability are older age, female sex, lower educational level, lack of exercise, chronic disease and impaired cognition. Among the chronic diseases, dementia is a progressive and disabling condition that accounts for a large proportion of the disability in elderly populations. A combination of various strategies must be employed in the approach to reduction of disability in the elderly population. More research is needed to gain a better understanding of risk and protective factors, so that we will be able to detect persons at early stages of disability, and to plan for services or rehabilitation for severely disabled persons.

  • 2.
    Hillerås, Pernilla
    et al.
    Äldrecentrum, Stockholm / Karolinska Institutet / Sophiahemmet högskola.
    Aguero-Torres, Hedda
    Äldrecentrum, Stockholm / Karolinska Institutet.
    Winblad, Bengt
    Äldrecentrum, Stockholm / Karolinska Institutet.
    Factors influencing well-being in the elderly2001In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, ISSN 0951-7367, E-ISSN 1473-6578, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 361-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the aims of research on well-being is to discover the factors that either increase or decrease well-being, in both young and old people. Many factors have been studied in relation to well-being, but only some have been found to be associated with it. These factors are demographic (age, sex, culture, marital status), social (socioeconomic status, having children, religion, social contacts) or are related to personality, life events, health, and activities. However, some of these factors have a stronger association than others. This article gives a brief review of this research with special focus on the elderly.

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