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  • 1.
    Tinghög, Petter
    et al.
    Department of Health and Society, Linköping University.
    Al-Saffar, Suad
    Section of Psychiatry, Neurotec Institution, Karolinska Institutet; Stockholm Centre for Public Health, Stockholm.
    Carstensen, John
    Department of Health and Society, Linköping University.
    Nordenfelt, Lennart
    Department of Health and Society, Linköping University.
    The association of immigrant- and non-immigrant-specific factors with mental ill health among immigrants in Sweden.2010In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 74-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: It has often been shown that immigrants are particularly at risk for mental ill health. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of immigrant- and non-immigrant-specific factors with mental ill health within a diverse immigrant population.

    METHOD: An extensive questionnaire was sent out to a stratified random sample of three immigrant populations from Finland, Iraq and Iran. The 720 respondents completed a Swedish, Arabic or Farsi (Persian) version of the questionnaire including the WHO (10) Well-Being Index and the HSCL-25.

    RESULTS: The results indicate that mental ill health among immigrants is independently associated with non-immigrant-specific factors (i.e. high number of types of traumatic episodes, divorced/widowed, poor social network, economic insecurity and being female) and immigrant-specific factors (i.e. low level of sociocultural adaptation). These results were obtained regardless of whether mental ill health was operationalized as low subjective well-being or a high symptom level of anxiety/depression.

    CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the notion that mental ill health among immigrants is a multi-faceted phenomenon that needs to be tackled within a wide range of sectors - e.g. the healthcare system, the social service sector and, of course, the political arena.

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