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  • 1.
    Stålberg, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademien för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademien för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation.
    Larsson, Thomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademien för innovation, design och teknik.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademien för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Interactive communication used to facilitate young children's participation in healthcare situations2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A child´s right´s perspective states children´s rights to be involved and participate in situations that matter to them. Facilitating younger children´s participation in healthcare situations is crucial. Interviews and drawings revealed children´s perceptions as being actors in these specific situations. Parents and professionals were also perceived as actors. This information was used in the iterative development and improvement, with children as co-designers, of an interactive communication tool meant to facilitate child participation in healthcare situations.

  • 2.
    Stålberg, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University.
    Larsson, Thomas
    Mälardalen University.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalen University.
    The IACTA-project: interactive technology as one way to create openings for young children's participation when interacting in healthcare situations2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Children’s participation in all situations that matter to them is one of the fundamental rights according to UN: s Convention on the Rights of the Child. A healthcare situation is challenging for young children and ways of improving participation are important. Situated participation is facilitated by professionals who are aware of their child perspective which includes attention of the child’s perspective.

    Aim

    The aim, for a Swedish project, was, with the child’s perspective in focus, to construct an interactive communication tool to facilitate younger children’s, aged three to five years, participation in healthcare situations.

    Method

    A phenomenographic approach combined with a qualitative iterative development process has been used for constructing the IACTA tool. Children in a preschool, primary healthcare clinic and an outpatient unit at a hospital participated in interviews combined with vignettes and drawings as well as in iterative phases evaluating evolving prototypes. The project was approved by the regional ethic committee.

    Findings

    The children’s verbal and non-verbal perceptions of being in healthcare situations revealed descriptions of actions where everyone present in the situations was perceived as actors. The perceptions of the specific situation itself was described as well. These perceptions were used in both content and graphic design in the evolving interactive prototypes. An on-going iterative feedback from the children, who participated as co-designers, subsequently transformed the prototypes into a usable, likeable and age appropriate interactive communication tool, IACTA.

    Conclusion

    Visual guidance by an interactive communication tool, which is age appropriate and likeable for younger children, is one possible way to pathways and openings for young children’s participation in healthcare situations.

    Implications

    An increased situated participation, as well as improved understanding of the specific situation, contributes in a positive way for the child in the present healthcare situation as well as in similar situations in the future.

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