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  • 1.
    Alshaikh, Zahra
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Alkhodari, Mohammed
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Sormunen, Taina
    Sophiahemmet Högskola.
    Hillerås, Pernilla
    Sophiahemmet Högskola / Karolinska Institutet.
    Nurses' knowledge about palliative care in an intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia2015In: Middle East Journal of Nursing, ISSN 1834-8742, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 7-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Most patients die in hospital settings either in intensive care unit (ICU), emergency department (ED) or other departments. In Saudi Arabia, approximately 23,000 persons are diagnosed with cancer every year. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), palliative care is a holistic activity that involves physical, psychosocial and spiritual human needs to enhance quality of life for patients and their families. Palliative care is an essential aspect to be applied for patients with chronic diseases to improve their quality of life. Earlier studies have shown that physicians, nurses and nurse assistants who work in long-term care settings lack the knowledge to enforce palliative care principles due to lack of education. According to the WHO, health care professionals should be educated and trained to apply palliative care.Aim: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' knowledge about palliative care in an intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia. Method: Eight individual qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Manifest content analysis was used to analyze the data. Results: The palliative care concept was not familiar for most ICU nurses but it was applied in their daily work. Most nurses provided physical care at the end of life to keep the body intact. Some nurses highlighted that dying patients did not feel pain to be treated and did not have emotions to be supported.Conclusions: Nurses had insufficient knowledge of palliative care and how to apply it in ICU setting. The provision of additional education in palliative care is recommended in order to improve the knowledge of palliative care among nurses.

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